The Resource An Investigation of gender bias in the Personality Assessment Inventory in a sample of military veterans of the United States, Sarah Elise Williams

An Investigation of gender bias in the Personality Assessment Inventory in a sample of military veterans of the United States, Sarah Elise Williams

Label
An Investigation of gender bias in the Personality Assessment Inventory in a sample of military veterans of the United States
Title
An Investigation of gender bias in the Personality Assessment Inventory in a sample of military veterans of the United States
Statement of responsibility
Sarah Elise Williams
Creator
Contributor
Author
Degree supervisor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
The purpose of this study was to examine the possible effects of gender bias within the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) as applied within the United States Veterans Health Administration (VHA). A quantitative descriptive design was employed using preexisting clinical data obtained from the Corporate Data Warehouse (CDW) as accessed through the VA Informatics and Computing Infrastructure (VINCI) to examine means differences, factor invariance, and predictive validity using a sample of 9,079 PAI profiles completed by veterans within the VA system. Mean differences were examined via t-tests between men and women veterans. Factor invariance was explored by comparing the overall factor structure of this sample with the standardization samples presented in the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI): Professional Manual, 2nd Edition (Morey, 1991), by comparing the factor structure of men and women veterans, and by factor analyzing three scales of interest separately for the two groups. Finally, hierarchical binary logistic regression was employed to test the predictive validity of the PAI and assess for slope and/or intercept bias. Overall, there was minimal evidence of bias within this instrument based on gender. There were some mean differences on T-scores of the PAI between men and women with small to medium effect sizes. The factor structures were mostly similar in comparison with the standardization samples and between the veteran samples. Some trends included the Mania (MAN) scale performing inconsistently across all samples and the ANT (Antisocial), ALC (Alcohol Problems), and DRG (Drug Problems) scales loading together consistently. The individual factor analyses of the ANX (Anxiety), ARD (Anxiety Related Problems), and DEP (Depression) scales did not provide a meaningful factor structure and when restricted to one factor solutions, nearly twice as much variance was explained in the women veteran sample than the men's sample. Finally, the logistic regression equations demonstrated intercept bias in prediction of male veterans having a lower likelihood of a depressive diagnosis, relative to female veterans, above and beyond all the control variables and T scores for the DEP scale. No other intercept or slope bias was detected. Although some differences were found, these results are primarily supportive of this being a useful instrument with the veteran population across gender
Cataloging source
UMK
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1985-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Williams, Sarah Elise
Degree
Ph.D.
Dissertation note
(School of Education).
Dissertation year
2017.
Granting institution
University of Missouri-Kansas City,
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Berkel, LaVerne A.
  • Barber, Carolyn E.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Sex discrimination in psychology
  • Veterans
  • Personality Assessment Inventory
Label
An Investigation of gender bias in the Personality Assessment Inventory in a sample of military veterans of the United States, Sarah Elise Williams
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Note
  • "A dissertation in Counseling Psychology."
  • Advisors: LaVerne A. Berkel and Carolyn E. Barber
  • Vita
Antecedent source
not applicable
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 129-140)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Review of literature -- Methodology -- Results -- Discussion -- Appendix A. Description of PAI scales -- Appendix B. Description of PAI subscales -- Appendix C. Classification and dummy coding of religion -- Appendix D. Classification and dummy coding of other variables -- Appendix E. Psychological assessment resources PAI permission agreement
Control code
989159973
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (142 pages)
File format
one file format
Form of item
online
Level of compression
mixed
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)989159973
System details
  • The full text of the dissertation is available as an Adobe Acrobat .pdf file; Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view the file
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
Label
An Investigation of gender bias in the Personality Assessment Inventory in a sample of military veterans of the United States, Sarah Elise Williams
Publication
Copyright
Note
  • "A dissertation in Counseling Psychology."
  • Advisors: LaVerne A. Berkel and Carolyn E. Barber
  • Vita
Antecedent source
not applicable
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 129-140)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Review of literature -- Methodology -- Results -- Discussion -- Appendix A. Description of PAI scales -- Appendix B. Description of PAI subscales -- Appendix C. Classification and dummy coding of religion -- Appendix D. Classification and dummy coding of other variables -- Appendix E. Psychological assessment resources PAI permission agreement
Control code
989159973
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (142 pages)
File format
one file format
Form of item
online
Level of compression
mixed
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)989159973
System details
  • The full text of the dissertation is available as an Adobe Acrobat .pdf file; Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view the file
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web

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