The Resource Durand of Champagne and the "Mirror of the queen" : a study in medieval didactic literature, by Catherine Louise Mastny

Durand of Champagne and the "Mirror of the queen" : a study in medieval didactic literature, by Catherine Louise Mastny

Label
Durand of Champagne and the "Mirror of the queen" : a study in medieval didactic literature
Title
Durand of Champagne and the "Mirror of the queen"
Title remainder
a study in medieval didactic literature
Statement of responsibility
by Catherine Louise Mastny
Creator
Author
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
In medieval society, which was based upon the concept of hierarchy, concern about the proper role of each individual generated an extensive "mirror" literature intended to define his particular duties. One category of medieval specula, the "mirror of the queen," has received surprisingly little attention from modern historians. Although there was a long tradition of literary works about queenship from Antiquity through the early and high Middle Ages, the first important treatise devoted entirely to this topic was the Speculum dominarum, written in the early fourteenth century. Its author, Durand of Champagne, was a Franciscan who held the position of confessor to Jeanne of Navarre, the wife of Philip IV of France. A close observer of Jeanne's activities, Durand drew the portrait of his royal sponsor and described the ideal to which she aspired. He used as his sources the scriptures, the writings of the Fathers, and two previous specula, Bernard of Clairvaux's De consideratlone and William Peraldus' De eruditione principum. Approaching the theme of queenship from a philosophical and theological angle, Durand of Champagne considered the queen's qualities as a human being and as a princess, her duties at home, at court, and in the kingdom. He saw the essence of her function in serving as an example for the people not only in private life, but also in her relations with every class of society. Durand of Champagne differed from all his predecessors by clearly distinguishing the line between the sphere of the king's and the queen's activities. Only two of the subsequent fourteenth and fifteenth-century works about queenship approached the Speculum dominarum in comprehensiveness: Christine of Pisan's Le livre des trois vertus and Anne of Beaujeu's Enseignements a sa fille Susanne. The diffusion of the Speculum dominarum followed a course typical for many works of the period. In the early fourteenth century, it was adapted by an unknown Dominican for the instruction of a prince and entitled Liber de informatione principum. Durand's treatise was translated into the vernacular as Le miroir des dames for Queen Jeanne of Evreux between 1324-1328. About 1376, a Carmelite Blasius Andernarius retranslated the text into Latin and claimed its authorship. Le miroir des dames was widely disseminated in the royal and princely circles of fourteenth and fifteenth-century France, but its influence did not extend beyond the confines of this milieu. In the early sixteenth century, Ysambert of St.-Leger, a priest from Autun, revised the Speculum dominarum for Margaret of Navarre. His effort to adapt it to Renaissance standards was a failure. The decline in the popularity of the treatise by the sixteenth century indicated a change in literary taste and the passing of the speculum as a literary form. With the advent of the Renaissance, the concept of queenship as a responsibility to either God or to society waned. In its place the new doctrine for the lady of the Renaissance stressed the importance of a humanistic education, refinement, and versatility in entertaining court circles. This type of literature marked the disappearance of the dividing line between the queen and the lady of the court, and inevitably caused the eclipse of the "mirror of the queen" as well. The literary treatment of queenship since the Renaissance has been undistinguished, indicating the irrevocable decline of a once-important institution
Has edition
Cataloging source
MUU
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1939-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Mastny, Catherine Louise
Degree
Ph. D.
Dissertation note
Thesis
Dissertation year
1969.
Granting institution
Columbia University
Index
no index present
LC call number
PA8310.D87
LC item number
Z73 1969
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • bibliography
  • theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Durand de Champagne
  • Didactic literature, Latin (Medieval and modern)
  • Queens
  • Literature, Medieval
Label
Durand of Champagne and the "Mirror of the queen" : a study in medieval didactic literature, by Catherine Louise Mastny
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Note
"1969."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 186-221)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
929708053
Dimensions
28 cm
Extent
x, 221 pages
Form of item
regular print reproduction
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
n
Other control number
UMI 6917607
System control number
(OCoLC)929708053
Label
Durand of Champagne and the "Mirror of the queen" : a study in medieval didactic literature, by Catherine Louise Mastny
Publication
Copyright
Note
"1969."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 186-221)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
929708053
Dimensions
28 cm
Extent
x, 221 pages
Form of item
regular print reproduction
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
n
Other control number
UMI 6917607
System control number
(OCoLC)929708053

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