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The Resource Europe, 1450 to 1789 : encyclopedia of the early modern world, ed. Jonathan Dewald, (electronic resource)

Europe, 1450 to 1789 : encyclopedia of the early modern world, ed. Jonathan Dewald, (electronic resource)

Label
Europe, 1450 to 1789 : encyclopedia of the early modern world
Title
Europe, 1450 to 1789
Title remainder
encyclopedia of the early modern world
Statement of responsibility
ed. Jonathan Dewald
Title variation
Encyclopedia of the early modern world
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Online version of the 6-volume work, published: New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004
Member of
Cataloging source
VVC
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/collectionName
Gale virtual reference library
Dewey number
940.2
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
Index
index present
LC call number
D209
LC item number
.E97 2004a
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • encyclopedias
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Dewald, Jonathan
  • Gale Group
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Europe
  • Europe
  • Europe
  • Europe
  • Europe
Label
Europe, 1450 to 1789 : encyclopedia of the early modern world, ed. Jonathan Dewald, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Title from opening screen
Antecedent source
unknown
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • v. 1 Using the Encyclopedia -- Preface -- Introduction the Early Modern Period -- Maps of Europe, 1453 to 1795 -- List of Maps -- Common Abbreviations Used in This Work -- Chronology -- Half Title Page -- Absolutism -- Academies, Learned -- Academies of Art -- Accounting and Bookkeeping -- Acoustics -- Addison, Joseph (1672-1719) -- Advice and Etiquette Books -- Africa -- North Africa -- Sub-Saharan Africa -- Agriculture -- Alba, Fernando Álvarez De Toledo, Duke of (Also Alva; 1507-1582) -- Alchemy -- Aldrovandi, Ulisse (1522-1605) -- Alembert, Jean Le Rond D' (1717-1783) -- Alexis I (Russia) (1629-1676; Ruled 1645-1676) -- American Independence, War of (1775-1783) -- Amsterdam -- Anabaptism -- Anatomy and Physiology -- Ancien Régime -- Ancient World -- Ancients and Moderns -- Andrusovo, Truce of (1667) -- Anglo-Dutch Naval Wars -- Anguissola, Sofonisba (c. 1532-1625) -- Anna (Russia) (1693-1740, Ruled 1730-1740) -- Anne (England) (1665-1714; Ruled 1702-1714) -- Anne of Austria (1601-1666) -- Anne of Brittany (1477-1514; Ruled 1491-1498, 1499-1514) -- Anticlericalism -- Antwerp -- Apocalypticism -- Apothecaries -- Archaeology -- Architecture -- Arctic and Antarctic -- Aristocracy and Gentry -- Aristotelianism -- Armada, Spanish -- Arnauld Family -- Art -- Art Exhibitions -- The Art Market and Collecting -- Art Theory, Criticism, and Historiography -- Artistic Patronage -- The Conception and Status of the Artist -- Artisans -- Asam Family -- Asia -- Assassination -- Astrology -- Astronomy -- Atheism -- Atlantic Ocean -- Augsburg -- Augsburg, Religious Peace of (1555) -- Augustus II the Strong (Saxony and Poland) (1670-1733) -- Austria -- Austrian Succession, War of the (1740-1748) -- Austro-Ottoman Wars -- Authority, Concept of -- Autocracy -- Avvakum Petrovich (1620-1682) -- Bach Family -- Bacon, Francis (1561-1626) -- Balkans -- Balloons -- Baltic and North Seas -- Baltic Nations -- Banditry -- Banking and Credit -- Bankruptcy -- Barcelona -- Barometer -- Baroque -- Basque Country -- Bassi, Laura (1711-1778) -- Bavaria -- Baxter, Richard (1615-1691) -- Bayle, Pierre (1647-1706) -- Beaumont, Francis (1584/5-1616) and John Fletcher (1579-1625) -- Beccaria, Cesare Bonesana, Marquis of (1738-1794) -- Behn, Aphra (c. 1640-1689) -- Belarus -- Bellarmine, Robert (1542-1621) -- Benedict XIV (Pope) (1675-1758; Reigned 1740-1758) -- Berkeley, George (1685-1753) -- Berlin -- Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598-1680) -- Bérulle, Pierre De (1575-1629) -- Bèze, Théodore (Théodore Beza; 1516-1605) -- Bible -- Interpretation -- Translations and Editions -- Biography and Autobiography -- Biology -- Black Sea Steppe -- Bodin, Jean (1529/30-1596) -- Boehme, Jacob (1575-1624) -- Boerhaave, Herman (1668-1738) -- Bohemia -- Boileau-Despréaux, Nicolas (1636-1711) -- Bordeaux -- Boris Godunov (Russia) (c. 1551-1605; Ruled 1598-1605) -- Borromeo, Carlo (1538-1584) -- Borromini, Francesco (Francesco Castelli; 1599-1667) -- Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne (1627-1704) -- Boston -- Boswell, James (1740-1795) -- Botany -- Boucher, Franc̦ois (1703-1770) -- Bourbon Dynasty (France) -- Bourbon Dynasty (Spain) -- Bourgeoisie -- Boyle, Robert (1627-1691) -- Brahe, Tycho (1546-1601) -- Brandenburg -- Brant, Sebastian (1457-1521) -- Britain, Architecture in -- Britain, Art in -- British Colonies -- The Caribbean -- India -- North America -- Brittany -- Browne, Thomas (1605-1682) -- Bruegel Family -- Bruno, Giordano (1548-1600) -- Budapest -- Budé, Guillaume (1468-1540) -- Buenos Aires -- Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc (1707-1788) -- Bullinger, Heinrich (1504-1575) -- Bunyan, John (1628-1688) -- Burgundy -- Burke, Edmund (1729-1797) -- Burney, Frances (Mme. D'Arblay; 1752-1840) -- Buxtehude, Dieterich (Also Spelled "Dietrich"; c. 1637-1707) -- Cabala -- Cádiz -- Calderón De La Barca, Pedro -- Calendar -- Callot, Jacques -- Calvin, John -- Calvinism -- Cambrai, League of (1508) -- Cambridge Platonists -- Camera Obscura -- Camisard Revolt -- Camões, Luís Vaz De -- Canova, Antonio -- Capitalism -- Caravaggio and Caravaggism -- Caricature and Cartoon -- Carnival -- Carracci Family -- Carriera, Rosalba -- Cartesianism -- Cartography and Geography -- Casanova, Giacomo Girolamo -- Castiglione, Baldassare (1478-1529) -- Catalonia -- Catalonia, Revolt of (1640-1652) -- Cateau-Cambrésis (1559) -- Catherine II (Russia) (1729-1796; Ruled 1762-1796) -- Catherine De Médicis (1519-1589) -- Catholic League (France) -- Catholic Spirituality and Mysticism -- Catholicism -- Cavendish, Margaret (1623-1673) -- Caxton, William (c. 1422-1491) -- Cecil Family -- Cellini, Benvenuto (1500-1571) -- Censorship -- Census -- Central Europe, Art in -- Ceramics, Pottery, and Porcelain -- Cervantes, Miguel De (Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra; 1547-1616) -- Chardin, Jean-Baptistesiméon (1699-1779) -- Charity and Poor Relief -- Charles I (England) (1600-1649; Ruled 1625-1649) -- Charles II (England) (1630-1685; Ruled 1660-1685) -- Charles VIII (France) (1470-1498, Ruled 1483-1498) -- Charles V (Holy Roman Empire) (1500-1558; Holy Roman Emperor, 1519-1556; King of Spain as Charles I, 1516-1556) -- Charles VI (Holy Roman Empire) (1685-1740; Ruled 1711-1740) -- Charles II (Spain) (1661-1700) -- Charles III (Spain) (1716-1788; Ruled 1759-1788) -- Charles X Gustav (Sweden) (1622-1660; Ruled 1654-1660) -- Charles XII (Sweden) (1682-1718; Ruled 1697-1718) -- Charles the Bold (Burgundy) (1433-1477) -- Charleston -- Charleton, Walter (1620-1707) -- Chemistry -- Childhood and Childrearing -- Christina (Sweden) (1626-1689; Ruled 1632-1654) -- Chronometer -- Church and State Relations -- Church of England -- Churchill, John, Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722) -- Cisneros, Cardinal Francisco Jiménez De (1436-1517) -- Cities and Urban Life -- Citizenship -- City Planning -- City-State -- Class, Status, and Order -- Classicism -- Claude Lorrain (Gellée) (1600/05-1682) -- Clergy -- Protestant Clergy -- Roman Catholic Clergy -- Russian Orthodox Clergy -- Clocks and Watches -- Clothing -- Clouet, Franc̦ois (c. 1515/20-1572) -- Cobos, Francisco De Los (c. 1477-1547) -- Coins and Medals -- Colbert, Jean-Baptiste (1619-1683) -- Coligny Family
  • v. 2. Cologne -- Colonialism -- Columbus, Christopher -- Comenius, Jan Amos -- Commedia Dell'arte -- Commerce and Markets -- Communication, Scientific -- Communication and Transportation -- Comuneros Revolt (1520-1521) -- Concubinage -- Condé Family -- Condorcet, Marie-Jean Caritat, Marquis de (Full Name Marie Jean-Antoine Nicolas de Caritat; 1743-1794) -- Confraternities -- Constantinople -- Constitutionalism -- Consumption -- Conversos -- Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473-1543) -- Cornaro Piscopia, Elena Lucrezia (1646-1684) -- Corneille, Pierre (1606-1684) -- Correggio (Antonio Allegri; 1489/94-1534) -- Corsica -- Cortés, Hernán (c. 1485-1547) -- Cosmology -- Cossacks -- Coulomb, Charles-Augustin De (1736-1806) -- Court and Courtiers -- Cracow (Polish, Kraków; German, Krakau) -- Cranach Family -- Crime and Punishment -- Crisis of the Seventeenth Century -- Cromwell, Oliver (1599-1658) -- Cromwell, Thomas (c. 1485-1540) -- Cullen, William (1710-1790) -- Czech Literature and Language -- Daily Life -- Dance -- Dashkova, Princess Catherine (1743-1810) -- David, Jacques-Louis (1748-1825) -- Death and Dying -- Decorative Arts -- Dee, John (1527-1609) -- Defoe, Daniel (1660-1731) -- Deism -- Democracy -- Denmark -- Descartes, Ren (1596-1650) -- Design -- Determinism -- Devolution, War of (1667-1668) -- Diamond Necklace, Affair of the -- Diaries -- Dictionaries and Encyclopedias -- Diderot, Deni (1713-1784) -- Dientzenhofer Family -- Diplomacy -- Dissemination of Knowledge -- Dissenters, English -- Divine Right Kingship -- Divorce -- Donne, John (1572-1631) -- Dort, Synod of -- Drama -- Drama: English -- Drama: German -- Drama: Italian -- Drama: Spanish and Portuguese -- Dresden -- Dryden, John (1631-1700) -- Dublin -- Duel -- Duma -- Dürer, Albrecht (1471-1528) -- Dutch Colonies -- Dutch Colonies: The Americas -- Dutch Colonies: The East Indies -- Dutch Literature and Language -- Dutch Republic -- Dutch Revolt (1568-1648) -- Dutch War (1672-1678) -- Early Modern Period: Art Historical Interpretations -- Earth, Theories of the -- Éboli, Ruy Gómez De Silva, Prince of (c. 1516-1573) -- Economic Crises -- Edinburgh -- Education -- Edward VI (England) (1537-1553; Ruled 1547-1553) -- El Greco (Doménikos Theotokópoulos; 1541-1614) -- Elizabeth I (England) (1533-1603; Ruled 1558-1603) -- Elizabeth (Russia) (1709-1762; Ruled 1741-1762) -- Empiricism -- Enclosure -- Encyclopédie -- Engineering -- Engineering: Civil -- Engineering: Military -- England -- English Civil War and Interregnum -- English Civil War Radicalism -- English Literature and Language -- Enlightened Despotism -- Enlightenment -- Ensenada, Cenón De Somodevilla, Marquesdéla -- Enthusiasm -- Environment -- Epistemology -- Equality and Inequality -- Erasmus, Desiderius -- Espionage -- Estates and Country Houses -- Estates-General, French -- Estates-General, 1614 -- Estates-General, 1789 -- Ethnography -- Euler, Leonhard (1707-1783) -- Europe and the World -- Exclusion Crisis -- Exploration -- False Dmitrii, First (1582?-1606?; Ruled 1605-1606) -- Family -- Farnese, Isabel (Spain) (1692-1766) -- Febronianism -- Feminism -- Fénelon, François (François de Salignac de la Mothe Fénelon, 1651-1715) -- Ferdinand I (Holy Roman Empire) (1503-1564) -- Ferdinand II (Holy Roman Empire) (1578-1637; Holy Roman Emperor 1619-1637; king of Bohemia 1617-1619 and 1620-1627; king of Hungary 1618-1625) -- Ferdinand III (Holy Roman Empire) (1608-1657; Ruled 1637-1657) -- Ferdinand VI (Spain) (1713-1759; Ruled 1746-1759) -- Ferdinand of Aragón (1452-1516) -- Festivals -- Feudalism -- Fielding, Henry -- Firearms -- Fischer Von Erlach, Johann Bernhard -- Florence -- Florence, Art in -- Floridablanca, José Moñino, Count of (1728-1808) -- Folk Tales and Fairy Tales -- Fontainebleau, School of -- Food and Drink -- Food Riots -- Forests and Woodlands -- Forgeries, Copies, and Casts -- Fragonard, Jean-Honoré (1732-1806) -- France -- France, Architecture in -- France, Art in -- Francis I (France) (1494-1547; Ruled 1515-1547) -- Francis II (Holy Roman Empire) (1768-1835; Ruled 1792-1806) -- Franck, Sebastina (c. 1499-1542) -- François De Sales (1567-1622) -- Frankfurt Am Main -- Frederick III (Holy Roman Empire) (1415-1493; Ruled 1440-1493) -- Frederick I (Prussia) (1657-1713; Ruled 1688-1713) -- Frederick II (Prussia) (1712-1786; Ruled 1740-1786) -- Frederick William (Brandenburg) (1620-1688; Ruled 1640-1688) -- Frederick William I (Prussia) (1688-1740; Ruled 1713-1740) -- Frederick William II (Prussia) (1744-1797; Ruled 1786-1797) -- Free and Imperial Cities -- Free Will -- Freemasonry -- French Colonies -- French Colonies: The Caribbean -- French Colonies: India -- French Colonies: North America -- French Literature and Language -- Fronde -- Fugger Family -- Fur Trade -- Fur Trade: North America -- Fur Trade: Russia
  • v. 3. Gabrieli, Andrea and Giovanni (Andrea Gabrieli, c. 1532/33-1585; Giovanni Gabrieli, c. 1554/57-1612) -- Gainsborough, Thomas (1727-1788) -- Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) -- Galleys -- Gallicanism -- Gama, Vasco da (c. 1469-1524) -- Gambling -- Games and Play -- Gardens and Parks -- Gassendi, Pierre (1592-1655) -- Gattinara, Mercurino (1465-1530) -- Gdańsk (German, Danzig) -- Gender -- Geneva -- Genoa -- Gentileschi, Artemisia (1593-c. 1654) -- Gentleman -- Geoffrin, Marie-Thérèse (Marie-Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin; 1699-1777) -- Geology -- George I (Great Britain) (1660-1727; Ruled 1714-1727) -- George II (Great Britain) (1683-1760; Ruled 1727-1760) -- George III (Great Britain) (1738-1820; Ruled 1760-1820) -- German Literature and Language -- Germany, Idea of -- Gessner, Conrad (Also Konrad Gesner, 1516-1565) -- Ghetto -- Giambologna (Giovanni da Bologna; 1529-1608) -- Giannone, Pietro (1676-1748) -- Gibbon, Edward (1737-1794) -- Gilbert, William (1544-1603) -- Giorgione (Giorgo da Castelfranco; 1477-1510) -- Glisson, Francis (1598 or 1599-1677) -- Glorious Revolution (Britain) -- Gluck, Christoph Willibald von (1714-1787) -- Goa -- Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832; Elevated to the Nobility as von Goethe in 1782) -- Goldoni, Carlo (1707-1793) -- Góngora y Argote, Luis de (1561-1627) -- Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (1746-1828) -- Granada -- Grand Tour -- Graunt, John (1620-1674) -- Greece -- Greuze, Jean-Baptiste (1725-1805) -- Grimm, Friedrich Melchior Von (1723-1807) -- Grimmelshausen, H.J.C. von (Johann [Hans] Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen; 1622?-1676) -- Grotius, Hugo (Huigh de Groot; 1583-1645) -- Guicciardini, Francesco (1483-1540) -- Guilds -- Guise Family -- Gustavus II Adolphus (Sweden) (1594-1632; Ruled 1611-1632) -- Gutenberg, Johannes (Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden; C. 1400-1468) -- Habsburg Dynasty -- Habsburg Dynasty: Austria -- Habsburg Dynasty: Spain -- Habsburg Territories -- Habsburg-Valois Wars -- Hagiography -- Haller, Albrecht von (1708-1777) -- Hals, Frans (c. 1581/85-1666) -- Hamburg -- Handel, George Frideric (1685-1759) -- Hanover -- Hanoverian Dynasty (Great Britain) -- Hansa -- Harem -- Harley, Robert (1661-1724) -- Harrington, James (1611-1677) -- Hartlib, Samuel (Samuel Hartlieb; c. 1600-1662) -- Harvey, William (1578-1657) -- Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment) -- Hastings, Warren (1732-1818) -- Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809) -- Helmont, Jean Baptiste van (1579-1644; also Known as Johannes von Helmont) -- Helvétius, Claude-Adrien (1715-1771) -- Henry VII (England) (1457-1509; Ruled 1485-1509) -- Henry VIII (England) (1491-1547; Ruled 1509-1547) -- Henry II (France) (1519-1559; Ruled 1547-1559) -- Henry III (France) (1551-1589) -- Henry IV (France) (1553-1610; Ruled 1589-1610) -- Heraldry -- Herder, Johann Gottfried von (1744-1803) -- Hermeticism -- Hesse, Landgraviate of -- Hetmanate (Ukraine) -- Historiography -- Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679) -- Hogarth, William (1697-1764) -- Hohenzollern Dynasty -- Holbach, Paul Thiry, baron d' (1723-1789) -- Holbein, Hans, the Younger (1497/98-1543) -- Holy Leagues -- Holy Roman Empire -- Holy Roman Empire Institutions -- Homosexuality -- Honor -- Hooke, Robert (1635-1703) -- Hooker, Richard (1553 or 1554-1600) -- Hospitals -- Housing -- Huguenots -- Humanists and Humanism -- Hume, David (1711-1776) -- Humor -- Hungarian Literature and Language -- Hungary -- Hunting -- Hussites -- Huygens Family -- Hymns -- Idealism -- Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) -- Imperial Expansion, Russia -- Index of Prohibited Books -- Industrial Revolution -- Industry -- Inflation -- Inheritance and Wills -- Inquisition -- Inquisition, Roman -- Inquisition, Spanish -- Insurance -- Intendants -- Interest -- Ireland -- Isabel Clara Eugenia and Albert of Habsburg (Isabel Clara Eugenia, 1566-1633; Albert of Habsburg, 1559-1621) -- Isabella of Castile (1451-1504) -- Islam in the Ottoman Empire -- Islands -- Italian Literature and Language -- Italian Wars (1494-1559) -- Italy -- Ivan III (Muscovy) (1440-1505; Ruled 1462-1505) -- Ivan IV, "The Terrible" (Russia) (1530-1584; Ruled 1533-1584) -- Jacobitism -- Jadwiga (Poland) (Hungarian: Hedvig; German: Hedwig; c. 1374-1399; Ruled 1384-1399) -- Jagiellon Dynasty (Poland-Lithuania) -- James I and VI (England and Scotland) (1566-1625) -- James II (England) (1733-1701; Ruled 1685-1688) -- Janissary -- Jansenism -- Jenkins' Ear, War of (1739-1742) -- Jesuits -- Jewelry -- Jews, Attitudes Toward -- Jews, Expulsion of (Spain; Portugal) -- Jews and Judaism -- Joanna I, "the Mad" (Spain) (1479-1555) -- Johnson, Samuel (1709-1784) -- Jones, Inigo (1573-1652) -- Jonson, Ben (1572-1637) -- Joseph I (Holy Roman Empire) (1678-1711; Ruled 1705-1711) -- Joseph II (Holy Roman Empire) (1741-1790; Ruled 1765-1790) -- Josephinism -- Journalism, Newspapers, and Newssheets -- Journals, Literary -- Juan de Austria, Don (1547-1578) -- Jülich-Cleves-Berg -- Julius II (Pope) (Giuliano Della Rovere; 1443-1513; Reigned 1503-1513) -- Kalmar, Union of -- Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804) -- Kauffmann, Angelica (1741-1807) -- Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630) -- Khmelnytsky, Bohdan (c. 1595-1657) -- Khmelnytsky Uprising -- Kiev (Ukrainian, Kyiv; Polish, Kijów) -- Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680) -- Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb (1724-1803) -- Knox, John (c. 1513-1572) -- Kochanowski, Jan (1530-1584) -- Kołłat̜aj, Hugo (1750-1812) -- La Bruyère, Jean de (1645-1696) -- La Fayette, Marie-Madeleine de (Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, Countess of la Fayette; 1634-1693) -- La Fontaine, Jean de (1621-1695) -- La Mettrie, Julien Offroy de (1709-1751) -- La Rochefoucauld, François, duc de (1613-1680) -- La Rochelle -- Laborers -- Laclos, Pierre Ambroise Choderlos de (1741-1803) -- Lagrange, Joseph-Louis (1736-1813) -- Landholding -- Las Casas, Bartolomé de (1474-1566) -- Lasso, Orlando di (c. 1532-1594) -- Late Middle Ages -- Latin -- Laud, William (1573-1645) -- Lavoisier, Antoine (Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier; 1743-1794) -- Law -- Canon Law -- Common Law -- Courts -- International Law -- Lawyers -- Roman Law -- Russian Law -- Law's System -- Le Brun, Charles (1619-1690) -- League of Augsburg, War of the (1688-1697) -- Ledoux, Claude-Nicolas (1736-1806) -- Leeuwenhoek, Antoni van (1632-1723) -- Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716) -- Leipzig -- Leo X (Pope) (1475-1521; Reigned 1513-1521) -- Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) -- Leopold I (Holy Roman Empire) (1640-1705; King of Hungary and of Bohemia from 1655; Holy Roman Emperor from 1658) -- Lepanto, Battle of -- Lerma, Francisco Gómez de Sandoval y Rojas, 1st Duke of -- Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim -- Lettre de Cachet -- Levant -- Leyden, Jan van -- L'Hôpital, Michel De -- Liberalism, Economic -- Liberty -- Libraries -- Lima -- Linnaeus, Carl (Carl von Linné; 1707-1778; Ennobled 1761) -- Lipsius, Justus (Joest Lips; 1547-1606) -- Lisbon -- Literacy and Reading -- Lithuania, Grand Duchy of, to 1569 -- Lithuanian Literature and Language -- Livonian War (1558-1583) -- Locke, John (1632-1704) -- Logic -- London -- Lorraine, Duchy of -- Lottery -- Louis XII (France) (Born 1462-1515; Ruled 1498-1515) -- Louis XIII (France) (1601-1643; Ruled 1610-1643) -- Louis XIV (France) (1638-1715; Ruled 1643-1715) -- Louis XV (France) (1710-1774; Ruled 1715-1774) -- Louis XVI (France) (1754-1793; Ruled 1774-1792) -- Louvois, François Le Tellier, Marquis de (1641-1691) -- Lübeck -- Lublin, Union of (1569) -- Lully, Jean-Baptiste (1632-1687) -- Luther, Martin (1483-1546) -- Lutheranism -- Lviv (Polish, Lwów; German, Lemberg; Russian, Lvov; Latin, Leopolis) -- Lyon
  • v. 4. Macau -- Machiavelli, Niccolò (1469-1527) -- Madness and Melancholy -- Madrid -- Magellan, Ferdinand (Fernão Magalhães; c. 1480-1521) -- Magic -- Malpighi, Marcello (1628-1694) -- Mandeville, Bernard (1670-1733) -- Manila -- Mannerism -- Mansart, François (1598-1666) -- Mantua -- Mantuan Succession, War of the (1627-1631) -- Marburg, Colloquy of -- Marguerite De Navarre (Marguerite D'Angoulême, Marguerite de Valois; 1492-1549) -- Maria Theresa (Holy Roman Empire) (Maria Theresa; 1717-1780; Ruled 1740-1780) -- Mariana, Juan de (?1535/1536-1624) -- Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) -- Marie de L'Incarnation (1599-1672) -- Marie de Médicis (1573-1642) -- Marillac, Michel de (1560-1632) -- Marlowe, Christopher (1564-1593) -- Marriage -- Marseille -- Martyrs and Martyrology -- Marvels and Wonders -- Mary I (England) (1516-1558; Ruled 1553-1558) -- Mathematics -- Matter, Theories of -- Matthias (Holy Roman Empire) (1557-1619; Ruled 1612-1619) -- Maulbertsch, Franz Anton (1724-1796) -- Maximilian I (Holy Roman Empire) (1459-1519; Ruled 1493-1519) -- Maximilian II (Holy Roman Empire) (1527-1576; Ruled 1564-1576) -- Mazarin, Jules (Giulio Mazarini; 1602-1661) -- Mazepa, Ivan (c. 1639-1709; Ruled 1687-1709) -- Mechanism -- Medici Family -- Medicine -- Medina Sidonia, Alonso Pérez De Guzmán, 7th Duke of (1549-1615) -- Mediterranean Basin -- Mehmed II (Ottoman Empire) (1432-1481; Ruled 1444-1446 and 1451-1481) -- Melanchthon, Philipp (Philipp Schwarzerdt; 1497-1560) -- Mendelssohn, Moses (Moshe Ben Mendel Mi-Dessau; 1729-1786) -- Mengs, Anton Raphael (1728-1779) -- Mercantilism -- Mercenaries -- Merian, Maria Sibylla (1647-1717) -- Mersenne, Marin (1588-1648) -- Mesmer, Franz Anton (1734-1815) -- Messianism, Jewish -- Methodism -- Mexico City -- Michael Romanov (Russia) (1596-1645; Ruled 1613-1645) -- Michelangelo Buonarroti (Born Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, 1475-1564) -- Midwives -- Milan -- Military -- Armies: Recruitment, Organization, and Social Composition -- Battle Tactics and Campaign Strategy -- Early Modern Military Theory -- Historiography -- Milton, John (1608-1674) -- Miracles -- Missions, Parish -- Missions and Missionaries -- Asia -- Spanish America -- Mobility, Geographic -- Mobility, Social -- Mohyla, Peter (Romanian, Petru Movilă; 1596-1646) -- Molière (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin; 1622-1673) -- Monarchy -- Money and Coinage -- Central and Eastern Europe -- Western Europe -- Monopoly -- Montaigne, Michel De (1533-1592) -- Montesquieu, Charles-Louis De Secondat De (1689-1755) -- Monteverdi, Claudio (1567-1642) -- Moral Philosophy and Ethics -- Moravian Brethren -- More, Henry (1614-1687) -- More, Thomas (1478-1535) -- Moriscos -- Moriscos, Expulsion of (Spain) -- Morozova, Boiarynia (1632-1675) -- Moscow -- Motherhood and Childbearing -- Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791) -- Munich -- Münster -- Muratori, Ludovicoantonio (1672-1750) -- Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban (1617-1682) -- Museums -- Music -- Music Criticism -- Nantes, Edict of -- Naples, Art in -- Naples, Kingdom of -- Naples, Revolt of (1647) -- Nasi Family -- National Identity -- Natural History -- Natural Law -- Nature -- Navigation Acts -- Navy -- Neoclassicism -- Neoplatonism -- Nepotism -- Netherlands, Art in the -- Art in the Netherlands, 1500-1585 -- Art in Flanders, 1585-1700 -- Art in the Northern Netherlands, 1585-1700 -- Netherlands, Southern -- Neumann, Balthasar (1687-1753) -- New York -- Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) -- Nikon, Patriarch (Nikita Minin, 1605-1681) -- Noble Savage -- Northern Wars -- Novalis (Friedrich Leopold von Hardenberg; 1772-1802) -- Novikov, Nikolai Ivanovich (1744-1818) -- Nuremberg -- Obstetrics and Gynecology -- Occult Philosophy -- Odalisque -- Officeholding -- Old Age -- Old Believers -- Oldenbarneveldt, Johan Van (1547-1619) -- Oldenburg, Henry (c. 1618-1677) -- Olivares, Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, count of (1587-1645) -- Opera -- Oprichnina -- Optics -- Orphans and Foundlings -- Orthodoxy, Greek -- Orthodoxy, Russian -- Ottoman Dynasty -- Ottoman Empire -- Oxenstierna, Axel (1583-1654) -- Pacific Ocean -- Pacifism -- Painting -- Palatinate -- Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da (1526-1594) -- Palladio, Andrea, and Palladianism -- Papacy and Papal States -- Paracelsus (1493/94-1541) -- Paris -- Parlements -- Parliament -- Parma -- Parma, Alexander Farnese, duke of (1545-1592) -- Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662) -- Passarowitz, Peace of (1718) -- Passions -- Pastel -- Patiño y Morales, José (1666-1736) -- Patriarchy and Paternalism -- Patriot Revolution -- Patronage -- Paul I (Russia) (1754-1801; Ruled 1796-1801) -- Paul III (Pope) (Alessandro Farnese; 1468-1549; Reigned 1534-1549) -- Paul V (Pope) (Camillo Borghese; 1552-1621; Reigned 1605-1621) -- Pawning -- Peasantry -- Peasants' War, German -- Peiresc, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de (1580-1635) -- Pepys, Samuel (1633-1703) -- Perrault, Charles (1628-1703) -- Persecution -- Peter I (Russia) (1672-1725; Ruled 1682-1725) -- Petty, William (1623-1687) -- Philadelphia -- Philip II (Spain) (1527-1598; Ruled 1556-1598) -- Philip III (Spain) (1578-1621; Ruled 1598-1621) -- Philip IV (Spain) (1605-1665) -- Philip V (Spain) (1683-1746; Ruled 1700-1724, 1724-1746) -- Philosophes -- Philosophy -- Physics -- Physiocrats and Physiocracy -- Picturesque -- Pietism -- Pilon, Germain (1525/1527?-1590) -- Piracy -- Piranesi, Giovanni Battista (1720-1778) -- Pitt, William the Elder and William the Younger (1708-1778; 1759-1806) -- Pius IV (Pope) (Giovanni Angelo de' Medici; 1499-1565; Reigned 1559-1565) -- Pius V (Pope) (Antonio Ghislieri; 1504-1572; Reigned 1566-1572) -- Pizarro Brothers -- Plague -- Poisons, Affair of the -- Poissy, Colloquy of -- Poland, Partitions of -- Poland to 1569 -- Poland-Lithuania, Commonwealth of, 1569-1795 -- Police -- Polish Literature and Language -- Polish Succession, War of the (1733-1738) -- Political Parties in England -- Political Philosophy -- Political Secularization -- Pompadour, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson (1721-1764) -- Pompeii and Herculaneum -- Poniatowski, Stanisław II Augustus (1732-1798; Ruled 1764-1795) -- Pope, Alexander (1688-1744)
  • v. 5. Popular Culture -- Popular Protest and Rebellions -- Pornography -- Porte -- Portrait Miniatures -- Portugal -- Portuguese Colonies -- Africa -- Brazil -- The Indian Ocean and Asia -- Madeira and the Azores -- Portuguese Literature and Language -- Postal Systems -- Potosí -- Poussin, Nicolas (1594-1665) -- Poverty -- Prague -- Prague, Defenestration of -- Preaching and Sermons -- Prévost D'exiles, Antoine-François (1697-1763) -- Priestley, Joseph (1733-1804) -- Printing and Publishing -- Prints and Popular Imagery -- Early Popular Imagery -- Later Prints and Printmaking -- Progress -- Prokopovich, Feofan (1681-1736) -- Property -- Prophecy -- Prostitution -- Proto-Industry -- Providence -- Provincial Government -- Prussia -- Psychology -- Public Health -- Public Opinion -- Pugachev Revolt (1773-1775) -- Purcell, Henry (1659-1695) -- Puritanism -- Pyrenees, Peace of the (1659) -- Quakers -- Queens and Empresses -- Quietism -- Rabelais, François (c. 1483-1553) -- Race, Theories of -- Racine-Rome -- Racine, Jean (1639-1699) -- Rákóczi Revolt -- Rameau, Jean-Philippe (1683-1764) -- Ramus, Petrus (1515-1572) -- Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio; 1483-1520) -- Ray, John (or Wray, 1627-1705) -- Razin, Stepan (known as Stenka; 1630?-1671) -- Reason -- Reformation, Catholic -- Reformation, Protestant -- Reformations in Eastern Europe: Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox -- Refugees, Exiles, and Émigrés -- Regency -- Religious Orders -- Religious Piety -- Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) -- Renaissance -- Rentiers -- Representative Institutions -- Republic of Letters -- Republicanism -- Resistance, Theory of -- Restoration, Portuguese War of (1640-1668) -- Revolutions, Age of -- Reynolds, Joshua (1723-1792) -- Rhetoric -- Richardson, Samuel (1689-1761) -- Richelieu, Armand-Jean Du Plessis, Cardinal (1585-1642) -- Rights, Natural -- Ritual, Civic and Royal -- Ritual, Religious -- Robertson, William (1721-1793) -- Rococo -- Roma (Gypsies) -- Romania -- Romanov Dynasty (Russia) -- Romanticism -- Rome -- Rome, Architecture in -- Rome, Art in -- Rome-Seminary -- Rome, Sack of -- Rosicrucianism -- Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778) -- Rubens, Peter Paul (1577-1640) -- Rudolf II (Holy Roman Empire) (1552-1612; Ruled 1576-1612) -- Russia -- Russia, Architecture in -- Russia, Art in -- Russian Literature and Language -- Russo-Ottoman Wars (1710-1711; 1736-1739; 1768-1774; 1787-1792) -- Russo-Polish Wars -- Ruysch, Rachel (1664-1750) -- Sade, Donatien-Alphonse-François de (1740-1814) -- St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre -- St. Petersburg -- Saint-Simon, Louis De Rouvroy (1675-1755) -- Salamanca, School of -- Salons -- Salzburg Expulsion -- Sanitation -- Santa Cruz, Álvaro De Bazán, First Marquis of (1526-1588) -- Sarmatism -- Sarpi, Paolo (Pietro) (1552-1623) -- Savoy, Duchy of -- Saxony -- Scarlatti, Domenico and Alessandro (Pietro) Alessandro (1660-1725) and (Giuseppe) Domenico (1685-1757) -- Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich Von (1759-1805) -- Schmalkaldic War (1546-1547) -- Scholasticism -- Schütz, Heinrich (1585-1672) -- Scientific Illustration -- Scientific Instruments -- Scientific Method -- Scientific Revolution -- Scotland -- Scudéry, Madeleine De (1607-1701) -- Sculpture -- Sea Beggars -- Secrets, Books of -- Seminary -- Sensibility-Spenser -- Sensibility -- Sepúlveda, Juan Ginés De (1490?-1574) -- Serbia -- Serfdom -- Serfdom in East Central Europe -- Serfdom in Russia -- Servants -- Seven Years' War (1756-1763) -- Sévigné, Marie de -- Seville -- Sexual Difference, Theories of -- Sexuality and Sexual Behavior -- Shabbetai Tzevi (also Sabbatai Sevi, Zevi, or Zebi, 1626-1676) -- Shakespeare, William (1564-1616) -- Sheridan, Richard Brinsley (1751-1816) -- Shipbuilding and Navigation -- Shipping -- Shops and Shopkeeping -- Sidney, Philip (1554-1586) -- Sigismund II Augustus (Poland, Lithuania) (1520-1572; ruled 1530-1572) -- Silesia -- Sinan (Sinan bin Abdulmennan, c. 1489-1588) -- Sixtus V (Pope) (b. 1520, reigned 1585-1590) -- Skepticism: Academic and Pyrrhonian -- Slavery and the Slave Trade -- Sleidanus, Johannes (Johannes Philippi; 1506-1556) -- Smith, Adam (1723-1790) -- Smollett, Tobias (1721-1771) -- Smotrytskyi, Meletii (c. 1577-1633) -- Smyrna (İzmir) -- Sofiia Alekseevna (1657-1704; Ruled 1682-1689) -- Songs, Popular -- Sovereignty, Theory of -- Spain -- Spain, Art in -- Spanish Colonies -- Africa and the Canary Islands -- The Caribbean -- Mexico -- Other American Colonies -- Peru -- The Philippines -- Spanish Literature and Language -- Spanish Succession, War of the (1701-1714) -- Spas and Resorts -- Spenser, Edmund (1552 or 1553-1599) -- Spinoza-Color -- Spinoza, Baruch (Benedictus de Spinoza; 1632-1677) -- Sports -- Sprat, Thomas (1635-1713) -- Star Chamber -- State and Bureaucracy -- Statistics -- Steele, Richard (1672-1729) -- Steno, Nicolaus (Niels Stensen; 1638-1686) -- Stephen Báthory (1533-1586; ruled 1576-1586) -- Sterne, Laurence (1713-1768) -- Stock Exchanges -- Stockholm -- Stoicism -- Strasbourg -- Strikes -- Stuart Dynasty (England and Scotland) -- Sublime, Idea of the -- Sugar -- Suicide -- Suleiman I (1494/95-1566; Ruled 1520-1566) -- Sultan -- Sumptuary Laws -- Surgeons -- Surveying -- Sweden -- Swedenborgianism -- Swedish Literature and Language -- Swift, Jonathan (1667-1745) -- Switzerland
  • v. 6. Tasso-Vagrants -- Tasso, Torquato (1544-1595) -- Taxation -- Technology -- Teresa of Ávila (1515-1582) -- Teutonic Knights -- Textile Industry -- Theology -- Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) -- Thomasius, Tserclaes of (1559-1632) -- Time, Measurement of -- Time of Troubles (Russia) -- Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti; c. 1518-1594) -- Titian (Tiziano Vecelli; 1488/1490-1576) -- Tobacco -- Toledo -- Toleration -- Topkapi Palace -- Torture -- Tournament -- Trading Companies -- Travel and Travel Literature -- Trent, Council of -- Triangular Trade Pattern -- Tudor Dynasty (England) -- Tulip Era (Ottoman Empire) -- Tulips -- Turkish Literature and Language -- Tyranny, Theory of -- Ukraine -- Ukrainian Literature and Language -- Uniates -- Union of Brest (1596) -- Universities -- Urban VIII (Pope) (Maffeo Barberini; 1568-1644; reigned 1623-1644) -- Utopia -- Utrecht, Peace of (1713) -- Vagrants and Beggars -- Valois-Weights -- Valois Dynasty (France) -- Van Dyck, Anthony (1599-1641) -- Vasa Dynasty (Sweden) -- Vasari, Giorgio (1511-1574) -- Vasilii III (Muscovy) (1479-1533; ruled 1505-1533) -- Vaughan, Thomas (Eugenius Philalethes; 1622-1666) -- Veduta (View Painting) -- Vega, Lope de (1562-1635) -- Velázquez, Diego (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez; 1599-1660) -- Venice -- Venice, Architecture in -- Venice, Art in -- Vermeer, Jan (or Johannes, 1632-1675) -- Veronese (Paolocaliari)(1528-1588) -- Versailles -- Vesalius, Andreas (1514-1564) -- Vico, Giovanni Battista (Giambattista Vico; 1668-1744) -- Victoria, Tomás Luis de (1548-1611) -- Vienna -- Vienna, Sieges of -- Viète, François (1540-1603) -- Vigée-Lebrun, Elisabeth (1755-1842) -- Villages -- Vilnius -- Vincent de Paul (1581-1660) -- Violence -- Virtue -- Vivaldi, Antonio (1678-1741) -- Vives, Juan Luis (1492-1540) -- Vizier -- Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet; 1694-1778) -- Vouet, Simon (1590-1649) -- Wages -- Wallenstein, A.W.E. von (Originally Waldstein; 1583-1634) -- Walpole, Horace (1717-1797) -- Wars of Religion, French -- Warsaw -- Watteau, Antoine (Born Jean-Antoine; 1689-1721) -- Weather and Climate -- Weights and Measures -- Wesley-Zwingli -- Wesley Family -- Westphalia, Peace of (1648) -- Widows and Widowhood -- Wieland, Christoph Martin (1733-1813) -- Wilkins, John (1614-1672) -- William and Mary (William III, 1650-1702; Ruled 1689-1702) -- William of Orange (1533-1584) -- Winckelmann, Johann Joachim (1717-1768) -- Witchcraft -- Witt, Johan and Cornelis de (Johan 1625-1672; Cornelis 1623-1672) -- Wittelsbach Dynasty (Bavaria) -- Władysław Ii Jagiełł (Poland) (Lithuanian: Jogaila; c. 1351-1434) -- Wolff, Christian (1679-1754) -- Women -- Women and Art -- Wren, Christopher (1632-1723) -- Württemberg, Duchy of -- Youth -- Zinzendorf, Nikolaus Ludwig von (1700-1760) -- Zoology -- Zurbarán, Francisco De (born Francisco de Zurbarán Márquez [or Salazar]; 1598-1664) -- Zurich -- Zwingli, Huldrych (1484-1531) -- Systematic Outline of Contents -- Directory of Contributors
Control code
54539076
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electronic
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Access restricted to subscribing institutions by IP address
Isbn
9780684314235
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(electronic bk.)
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computer
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rdamedia
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c
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remote
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  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • System requirements: Internet access, WWW browser software, Adobe Acrobat reader for PDF files
Type of computer file
Text and image files.
Label
Europe, 1450 to 1789 : encyclopedia of the early modern world, ed. Jonathan Dewald, (electronic resource)
Publication
Note
Title from opening screen
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unknown
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • v. 1 Using the Encyclopedia -- Preface -- Introduction the Early Modern Period -- Maps of Europe, 1453 to 1795 -- List of Maps -- Common Abbreviations Used in This Work -- Chronology -- Half Title Page -- Absolutism -- Academies, Learned -- Academies of Art -- Accounting and Bookkeeping -- Acoustics -- Addison, Joseph (1672-1719) -- Advice and Etiquette Books -- Africa -- North Africa -- Sub-Saharan Africa -- Agriculture -- Alba, Fernando Álvarez De Toledo, Duke of (Also Alva; 1507-1582) -- Alchemy -- Aldrovandi, Ulisse (1522-1605) -- Alembert, Jean Le Rond D' (1717-1783) -- Alexis I (Russia) (1629-1676; Ruled 1645-1676) -- American Independence, War of (1775-1783) -- Amsterdam -- Anabaptism -- Anatomy and Physiology -- Ancien Régime -- Ancient World -- Ancients and Moderns -- Andrusovo, Truce of (1667) -- Anglo-Dutch Naval Wars -- Anguissola, Sofonisba (c. 1532-1625) -- Anna (Russia) (1693-1740, Ruled 1730-1740) -- Anne (England) (1665-1714; Ruled 1702-1714) -- Anne of Austria (1601-1666) -- Anne of Brittany (1477-1514; Ruled 1491-1498, 1499-1514) -- Anticlericalism -- Antwerp -- Apocalypticism -- Apothecaries -- Archaeology -- Architecture -- Arctic and Antarctic -- Aristocracy and Gentry -- Aristotelianism -- Armada, Spanish -- Arnauld Family -- Art -- Art Exhibitions -- The Art Market and Collecting -- Art Theory, Criticism, and Historiography -- Artistic Patronage -- The Conception and Status of the Artist -- Artisans -- Asam Family -- Asia -- Assassination -- Astrology -- Astronomy -- Atheism -- Atlantic Ocean -- Augsburg -- Augsburg, Religious Peace of (1555) -- Augustus II the Strong (Saxony and Poland) (1670-1733) -- Austria -- Austrian Succession, War of the (1740-1748) -- Austro-Ottoman Wars -- Authority, Concept of -- Autocracy -- Avvakum Petrovich (1620-1682) -- Bach Family -- Bacon, Francis (1561-1626) -- Balkans -- Balloons -- Baltic and North Seas -- Baltic Nations -- Banditry -- Banking and Credit -- Bankruptcy -- Barcelona -- Barometer -- Baroque -- Basque Country -- Bassi, Laura (1711-1778) -- Bavaria -- Baxter, Richard (1615-1691) -- Bayle, Pierre (1647-1706) -- Beaumont, Francis (1584/5-1616) and John Fletcher (1579-1625) -- Beccaria, Cesare Bonesana, Marquis of (1738-1794) -- Behn, Aphra (c. 1640-1689) -- Belarus -- Bellarmine, Robert (1542-1621) -- Benedict XIV (Pope) (1675-1758; Reigned 1740-1758) -- Berkeley, George (1685-1753) -- Berlin -- Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598-1680) -- Bérulle, Pierre De (1575-1629) -- Bèze, Théodore (Théodore Beza; 1516-1605) -- Bible -- Interpretation -- Translations and Editions -- Biography and Autobiography -- Biology -- Black Sea Steppe -- Bodin, Jean (1529/30-1596) -- Boehme, Jacob (1575-1624) -- Boerhaave, Herman (1668-1738) -- Bohemia -- Boileau-Despréaux, Nicolas (1636-1711) -- Bordeaux -- Boris Godunov (Russia) (c. 1551-1605; Ruled 1598-1605) -- Borromeo, Carlo (1538-1584) -- Borromini, Francesco (Francesco Castelli; 1599-1667) -- Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne (1627-1704) -- Boston -- Boswell, James (1740-1795) -- Botany -- Boucher, Franc̦ois (1703-1770) -- Bourbon Dynasty (France) -- Bourbon Dynasty (Spain) -- Bourgeoisie -- Boyle, Robert (1627-1691) -- Brahe, Tycho (1546-1601) -- Brandenburg -- Brant, Sebastian (1457-1521) -- Britain, Architecture in -- Britain, Art in -- British Colonies -- The Caribbean -- India -- North America -- Brittany -- Browne, Thomas (1605-1682) -- Bruegel Family -- Bruno, Giordano (1548-1600) -- Budapest -- Budé, Guillaume (1468-1540) -- Buenos Aires -- Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc (1707-1788) -- Bullinger, Heinrich (1504-1575) -- Bunyan, John (1628-1688) -- Burgundy -- Burke, Edmund (1729-1797) -- Burney, Frances (Mme. D'Arblay; 1752-1840) -- Buxtehude, Dieterich (Also Spelled "Dietrich"; c. 1637-1707) -- Cabala -- Cádiz -- Calderón De La Barca, Pedro -- Calendar -- Callot, Jacques -- Calvin, John -- Calvinism -- Cambrai, League of (1508) -- Cambridge Platonists -- Camera Obscura -- Camisard Revolt -- Camões, Luís Vaz De -- Canova, Antonio -- Capitalism -- Caravaggio and Caravaggism -- Caricature and Cartoon -- Carnival -- Carracci Family -- Carriera, Rosalba -- Cartesianism -- Cartography and Geography -- Casanova, Giacomo Girolamo -- Castiglione, Baldassare (1478-1529) -- Catalonia -- Catalonia, Revolt of (1640-1652) -- Cateau-Cambrésis (1559) -- Catherine II (Russia) (1729-1796; Ruled 1762-1796) -- Catherine De Médicis (1519-1589) -- Catholic League (France) -- Catholic Spirituality and Mysticism -- Catholicism -- Cavendish, Margaret (1623-1673) -- Caxton, William (c. 1422-1491) -- Cecil Family -- Cellini, Benvenuto (1500-1571) -- Censorship -- Census -- Central Europe, Art in -- Ceramics, Pottery, and Porcelain -- Cervantes, Miguel De (Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra; 1547-1616) -- Chardin, Jean-Baptistesiméon (1699-1779) -- Charity and Poor Relief -- Charles I (England) (1600-1649; Ruled 1625-1649) -- Charles II (England) (1630-1685; Ruled 1660-1685) -- Charles VIII (France) (1470-1498, Ruled 1483-1498) -- Charles V (Holy Roman Empire) (1500-1558; Holy Roman Emperor, 1519-1556; King of Spain as Charles I, 1516-1556) -- Charles VI (Holy Roman Empire) (1685-1740; Ruled 1711-1740) -- Charles II (Spain) (1661-1700) -- Charles III (Spain) (1716-1788; Ruled 1759-1788) -- Charles X Gustav (Sweden) (1622-1660; Ruled 1654-1660) -- Charles XII (Sweden) (1682-1718; Ruled 1697-1718) -- Charles the Bold (Burgundy) (1433-1477) -- Charleston -- Charleton, Walter (1620-1707) -- Chemistry -- Childhood and Childrearing -- Christina (Sweden) (1626-1689; Ruled 1632-1654) -- Chronometer -- Church and State Relations -- Church of England -- Churchill, John, Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722) -- Cisneros, Cardinal Francisco Jiménez De (1436-1517) -- Cities and Urban Life -- Citizenship -- City Planning -- City-State -- Class, Status, and Order -- Classicism -- Claude Lorrain (Gellée) (1600/05-1682) -- Clergy -- Protestant Clergy -- Roman Catholic Clergy -- Russian Orthodox Clergy -- Clocks and Watches -- Clothing -- Clouet, Franc̦ois (c. 1515/20-1572) -- Cobos, Francisco De Los (c. 1477-1547) -- Coins and Medals -- Colbert, Jean-Baptiste (1619-1683) -- Coligny Family
  • v. 2. Cologne -- Colonialism -- Columbus, Christopher -- Comenius, Jan Amos -- Commedia Dell'arte -- Commerce and Markets -- Communication, Scientific -- Communication and Transportation -- Comuneros Revolt (1520-1521) -- Concubinage -- Condé Family -- Condorcet, Marie-Jean Caritat, Marquis de (Full Name Marie Jean-Antoine Nicolas de Caritat; 1743-1794) -- Confraternities -- Constantinople -- Constitutionalism -- Consumption -- Conversos -- Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473-1543) -- Cornaro Piscopia, Elena Lucrezia (1646-1684) -- Corneille, Pierre (1606-1684) -- Correggio (Antonio Allegri; 1489/94-1534) -- Corsica -- Cortés, Hernán (c. 1485-1547) -- Cosmology -- Cossacks -- Coulomb, Charles-Augustin De (1736-1806) -- Court and Courtiers -- Cracow (Polish, Kraków; German, Krakau) -- Cranach Family -- Crime and Punishment -- Crisis of the Seventeenth Century -- Cromwell, Oliver (1599-1658) -- Cromwell, Thomas (c. 1485-1540) -- Cullen, William (1710-1790) -- Czech Literature and Language -- Daily Life -- Dance -- Dashkova, Princess Catherine (1743-1810) -- David, Jacques-Louis (1748-1825) -- Death and Dying -- Decorative Arts -- Dee, John (1527-1609) -- Defoe, Daniel (1660-1731) -- Deism -- Democracy -- Denmark -- Descartes, Ren (1596-1650) -- Design -- Determinism -- Devolution, War of (1667-1668) -- Diamond Necklace, Affair of the -- Diaries -- Dictionaries and Encyclopedias -- Diderot, Deni (1713-1784) -- Dientzenhofer Family -- Diplomacy -- Dissemination of Knowledge -- Dissenters, English -- Divine Right Kingship -- Divorce -- Donne, John (1572-1631) -- Dort, Synod of -- Drama -- Drama: English -- Drama: German -- Drama: Italian -- Drama: Spanish and Portuguese -- Dresden -- Dryden, John (1631-1700) -- Dublin -- Duel -- Duma -- Dürer, Albrecht (1471-1528) -- Dutch Colonies -- Dutch Colonies: The Americas -- Dutch Colonies: The East Indies -- Dutch Literature and Language -- Dutch Republic -- Dutch Revolt (1568-1648) -- Dutch War (1672-1678) -- Early Modern Period: Art Historical Interpretations -- Earth, Theories of the -- Éboli, Ruy Gómez De Silva, Prince of (c. 1516-1573) -- Economic Crises -- Edinburgh -- Education -- Edward VI (England) (1537-1553; Ruled 1547-1553) -- El Greco (Doménikos Theotokópoulos; 1541-1614) -- Elizabeth I (England) (1533-1603; Ruled 1558-1603) -- Elizabeth (Russia) (1709-1762; Ruled 1741-1762) -- Empiricism -- Enclosure -- Encyclopédie -- Engineering -- Engineering: Civil -- Engineering: Military -- England -- English Civil War and Interregnum -- English Civil War Radicalism -- English Literature and Language -- Enlightened Despotism -- Enlightenment -- Ensenada, Cenón De Somodevilla, Marquesdéla -- Enthusiasm -- Environment -- Epistemology -- Equality and Inequality -- Erasmus, Desiderius -- Espionage -- Estates and Country Houses -- Estates-General, French -- Estates-General, 1614 -- Estates-General, 1789 -- Ethnography -- Euler, Leonhard (1707-1783) -- Europe and the World -- Exclusion Crisis -- Exploration -- False Dmitrii, First (1582?-1606?; Ruled 1605-1606) -- Family -- Farnese, Isabel (Spain) (1692-1766) -- Febronianism -- Feminism -- Fénelon, François (François de Salignac de la Mothe Fénelon, 1651-1715) -- Ferdinand I (Holy Roman Empire) (1503-1564) -- Ferdinand II (Holy Roman Empire) (1578-1637; Holy Roman Emperor 1619-1637; king of Bohemia 1617-1619 and 1620-1627; king of Hungary 1618-1625) -- Ferdinand III (Holy Roman Empire) (1608-1657; Ruled 1637-1657) -- Ferdinand VI (Spain) (1713-1759; Ruled 1746-1759) -- Ferdinand of Aragón (1452-1516) -- Festivals -- Feudalism -- Fielding, Henry -- Firearms -- Fischer Von Erlach, Johann Bernhard -- Florence -- Florence, Art in -- Floridablanca, José Moñino, Count of (1728-1808) -- Folk Tales and Fairy Tales -- Fontainebleau, School of -- Food and Drink -- Food Riots -- Forests and Woodlands -- Forgeries, Copies, and Casts -- Fragonard, Jean-Honoré (1732-1806) -- France -- France, Architecture in -- France, Art in -- Francis I (France) (1494-1547; Ruled 1515-1547) -- Francis II (Holy Roman Empire) (1768-1835; Ruled 1792-1806) -- Franck, Sebastina (c. 1499-1542) -- François De Sales (1567-1622) -- Frankfurt Am Main -- Frederick III (Holy Roman Empire) (1415-1493; Ruled 1440-1493) -- Frederick I (Prussia) (1657-1713; Ruled 1688-1713) -- Frederick II (Prussia) (1712-1786; Ruled 1740-1786) -- Frederick William (Brandenburg) (1620-1688; Ruled 1640-1688) -- Frederick William I (Prussia) (1688-1740; Ruled 1713-1740) -- Frederick William II (Prussia) (1744-1797; Ruled 1786-1797) -- Free and Imperial Cities -- Free Will -- Freemasonry -- French Colonies -- French Colonies: The Caribbean -- French Colonies: India -- French Colonies: North America -- French Literature and Language -- Fronde -- Fugger Family -- Fur Trade -- Fur Trade: North America -- Fur Trade: Russia
  • v. 3. Gabrieli, Andrea and Giovanni (Andrea Gabrieli, c. 1532/33-1585; Giovanni Gabrieli, c. 1554/57-1612) -- Gainsborough, Thomas (1727-1788) -- Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) -- Galleys -- Gallicanism -- Gama, Vasco da (c. 1469-1524) -- Gambling -- Games and Play -- Gardens and Parks -- Gassendi, Pierre (1592-1655) -- Gattinara, Mercurino (1465-1530) -- Gdańsk (German, Danzig) -- Gender -- Geneva -- Genoa -- Gentileschi, Artemisia (1593-c. 1654) -- Gentleman -- Geoffrin, Marie-Thérèse (Marie-Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin; 1699-1777) -- Geology -- George I (Great Britain) (1660-1727; Ruled 1714-1727) -- George II (Great Britain) (1683-1760; Ruled 1727-1760) -- George III (Great Britain) (1738-1820; Ruled 1760-1820) -- German Literature and Language -- Germany, Idea of -- Gessner, Conrad (Also Konrad Gesner, 1516-1565) -- Ghetto -- Giambologna (Giovanni da Bologna; 1529-1608) -- Giannone, Pietro (1676-1748) -- Gibbon, Edward (1737-1794) -- Gilbert, William (1544-1603) -- Giorgione (Giorgo da Castelfranco; 1477-1510) -- Glisson, Francis (1598 or 1599-1677) -- Glorious Revolution (Britain) -- Gluck, Christoph Willibald von (1714-1787) -- Goa -- Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832; Elevated to the Nobility as von Goethe in 1782) -- Goldoni, Carlo (1707-1793) -- Góngora y Argote, Luis de (1561-1627) -- Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (1746-1828) -- Granada -- Grand Tour -- Graunt, John (1620-1674) -- Greece -- Greuze, Jean-Baptiste (1725-1805) -- Grimm, Friedrich Melchior Von (1723-1807) -- Grimmelshausen, H.J.C. von (Johann [Hans] Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen; 1622?-1676) -- Grotius, Hugo (Huigh de Groot; 1583-1645) -- Guicciardini, Francesco (1483-1540) -- Guilds -- Guise Family -- Gustavus II Adolphus (Sweden) (1594-1632; Ruled 1611-1632) -- Gutenberg, Johannes (Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden; C. 1400-1468) -- Habsburg Dynasty -- Habsburg Dynasty: Austria -- Habsburg Dynasty: Spain -- Habsburg Territories -- Habsburg-Valois Wars -- Hagiography -- Haller, Albrecht von (1708-1777) -- Hals, Frans (c. 1581/85-1666) -- Hamburg -- Handel, George Frideric (1685-1759) -- Hanover -- Hanoverian Dynasty (Great Britain) -- Hansa -- Harem -- Harley, Robert (1661-1724) -- Harrington, James (1611-1677) -- Hartlib, Samuel (Samuel Hartlieb; c. 1600-1662) -- Harvey, William (1578-1657) -- Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment) -- Hastings, Warren (1732-1818) -- Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809) -- Helmont, Jean Baptiste van (1579-1644; also Known as Johannes von Helmont) -- Helvétius, Claude-Adrien (1715-1771) -- Henry VII (England) (1457-1509; Ruled 1485-1509) -- Henry VIII (England) (1491-1547; Ruled 1509-1547) -- Henry II (France) (1519-1559; Ruled 1547-1559) -- Henry III (France) (1551-1589) -- Henry IV (France) (1553-1610; Ruled 1589-1610) -- Heraldry -- Herder, Johann Gottfried von (1744-1803) -- Hermeticism -- Hesse, Landgraviate of -- Hetmanate (Ukraine) -- Historiography -- Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679) -- Hogarth, William (1697-1764) -- Hohenzollern Dynasty -- Holbach, Paul Thiry, baron d' (1723-1789) -- Holbein, Hans, the Younger (1497/98-1543) -- Holy Leagues -- Holy Roman Empire -- Holy Roman Empire Institutions -- Homosexuality -- Honor -- Hooke, Robert (1635-1703) -- Hooker, Richard (1553 or 1554-1600) -- Hospitals -- Housing -- Huguenots -- Humanists and Humanism -- Hume, David (1711-1776) -- Humor -- Hungarian Literature and Language -- Hungary -- Hunting -- Hussites -- Huygens Family -- Hymns -- Idealism -- Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) -- Imperial Expansion, Russia -- Index of Prohibited Books -- Industrial Revolution -- Industry -- Inflation -- Inheritance and Wills -- Inquisition -- Inquisition, Roman -- Inquisition, Spanish -- Insurance -- Intendants -- Interest -- Ireland -- Isabel Clara Eugenia and Albert of Habsburg (Isabel Clara Eugenia, 1566-1633; Albert of Habsburg, 1559-1621) -- Isabella of Castile (1451-1504) -- Islam in the Ottoman Empire -- Islands -- Italian Literature and Language -- Italian Wars (1494-1559) -- Italy -- Ivan III (Muscovy) (1440-1505; Ruled 1462-1505) -- Ivan IV, "The Terrible" (Russia) (1530-1584; Ruled 1533-1584) -- Jacobitism -- Jadwiga (Poland) (Hungarian: Hedvig; German: Hedwig; c. 1374-1399; Ruled 1384-1399) -- Jagiellon Dynasty (Poland-Lithuania) -- James I and VI (England and Scotland) (1566-1625) -- James II (England) (1733-1701; Ruled 1685-1688) -- Janissary -- Jansenism -- Jenkins' Ear, War of (1739-1742) -- Jesuits -- Jewelry -- Jews, Attitudes Toward -- Jews, Expulsion of (Spain; Portugal) -- Jews and Judaism -- Joanna I, "the Mad" (Spain) (1479-1555) -- Johnson, Samuel (1709-1784) -- Jones, Inigo (1573-1652) -- Jonson, Ben (1572-1637) -- Joseph I (Holy Roman Empire) (1678-1711; Ruled 1705-1711) -- Joseph II (Holy Roman Empire) (1741-1790; Ruled 1765-1790) -- Josephinism -- Journalism, Newspapers, and Newssheets -- Journals, Literary -- Juan de Austria, Don (1547-1578) -- Jülich-Cleves-Berg -- Julius II (Pope) (Giuliano Della Rovere; 1443-1513; Reigned 1503-1513) -- Kalmar, Union of -- Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804) -- Kauffmann, Angelica (1741-1807) -- Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630) -- Khmelnytsky, Bohdan (c. 1595-1657) -- Khmelnytsky Uprising -- Kiev (Ukrainian, Kyiv; Polish, Kijów) -- Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680) -- Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb (1724-1803) -- Knox, John (c. 1513-1572) -- Kochanowski, Jan (1530-1584) -- Kołłat̜aj, Hugo (1750-1812) -- La Bruyère, Jean de (1645-1696) -- La Fayette, Marie-Madeleine de (Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, Countess of la Fayette; 1634-1693) -- La Fontaine, Jean de (1621-1695) -- La Mettrie, Julien Offroy de (1709-1751) -- La Rochefoucauld, François, duc de (1613-1680) -- La Rochelle -- Laborers -- Laclos, Pierre Ambroise Choderlos de (1741-1803) -- Lagrange, Joseph-Louis (1736-1813) -- Landholding -- Las Casas, Bartolomé de (1474-1566) -- Lasso, Orlando di (c. 1532-1594) -- Late Middle Ages -- Latin -- Laud, William (1573-1645) -- Lavoisier, Antoine (Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier; 1743-1794) -- Law -- Canon Law -- Common Law -- Courts -- International Law -- Lawyers -- Roman Law -- Russian Law -- Law's System -- Le Brun, Charles (1619-1690) -- League of Augsburg, War of the (1688-1697) -- Ledoux, Claude-Nicolas (1736-1806) -- Leeuwenhoek, Antoni van (1632-1723) -- Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716) -- Leipzig -- Leo X (Pope) (1475-1521; Reigned 1513-1521) -- Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) -- Leopold I (Holy Roman Empire) (1640-1705; King of Hungary and of Bohemia from 1655; Holy Roman Emperor from 1658) -- Lepanto, Battle of -- Lerma, Francisco Gómez de Sandoval y Rojas, 1st Duke of -- Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim -- Lettre de Cachet -- Levant -- Leyden, Jan van -- L'Hôpital, Michel De -- Liberalism, Economic -- Liberty -- Libraries -- Lima -- Linnaeus, Carl (Carl von Linné; 1707-1778; Ennobled 1761) -- Lipsius, Justus (Joest Lips; 1547-1606) -- Lisbon -- Literacy and Reading -- Lithuania, Grand Duchy of, to 1569 -- Lithuanian Literature and Language -- Livonian War (1558-1583) -- Locke, John (1632-1704) -- Logic -- London -- Lorraine, Duchy of -- Lottery -- Louis XII (France) (Born 1462-1515; Ruled 1498-1515) -- Louis XIII (France) (1601-1643; Ruled 1610-1643) -- Louis XIV (France) (1638-1715; Ruled 1643-1715) -- Louis XV (France) (1710-1774; Ruled 1715-1774) -- Louis XVI (France) (1754-1793; Ruled 1774-1792) -- Louvois, François Le Tellier, Marquis de (1641-1691) -- Lübeck -- Lublin, Union of (1569) -- Lully, Jean-Baptiste (1632-1687) -- Luther, Martin (1483-1546) -- Lutheranism -- Lviv (Polish, Lwów; German, Lemberg; Russian, Lvov; Latin, Leopolis) -- Lyon
  • v. 4. Macau -- Machiavelli, Niccolò (1469-1527) -- Madness and Melancholy -- Madrid -- Magellan, Ferdinand (Fernão Magalhães; c. 1480-1521) -- Magic -- Malpighi, Marcello (1628-1694) -- Mandeville, Bernard (1670-1733) -- Manila -- Mannerism -- Mansart, François (1598-1666) -- Mantua -- Mantuan Succession, War of the (1627-1631) -- Marburg, Colloquy of -- Marguerite De Navarre (Marguerite D'Angoulême, Marguerite de Valois; 1492-1549) -- Maria Theresa (Holy Roman Empire) (Maria Theresa; 1717-1780; Ruled 1740-1780) -- Mariana, Juan de (?1535/1536-1624) -- Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) -- Marie de L'Incarnation (1599-1672) -- Marie de Médicis (1573-1642) -- Marillac, Michel de (1560-1632) -- Marlowe, Christopher (1564-1593) -- Marriage -- Marseille -- Martyrs and Martyrology -- Marvels and Wonders -- Mary I (England) (1516-1558; Ruled 1553-1558) -- Mathematics -- Matter, Theories of -- Matthias (Holy Roman Empire) (1557-1619; Ruled 1612-1619) -- Maulbertsch, Franz Anton (1724-1796) -- Maximilian I (Holy Roman Empire) (1459-1519; Ruled 1493-1519) -- Maximilian II (Holy Roman Empire) (1527-1576; Ruled 1564-1576) -- Mazarin, Jules (Giulio Mazarini; 1602-1661) -- Mazepa, Ivan (c. 1639-1709; Ruled 1687-1709) -- Mechanism -- Medici Family -- Medicine -- Medina Sidonia, Alonso Pérez De Guzmán, 7th Duke of (1549-1615) -- Mediterranean Basin -- Mehmed II (Ottoman Empire) (1432-1481; Ruled 1444-1446 and 1451-1481) -- Melanchthon, Philipp (Philipp Schwarzerdt; 1497-1560) -- Mendelssohn, Moses (Moshe Ben Mendel Mi-Dessau; 1729-1786) -- Mengs, Anton Raphael (1728-1779) -- Mercantilism -- Mercenaries -- Merian, Maria Sibylla (1647-1717) -- Mersenne, Marin (1588-1648) -- Mesmer, Franz Anton (1734-1815) -- Messianism, Jewish -- Methodism -- Mexico City -- Michael Romanov (Russia) (1596-1645; Ruled 1613-1645) -- Michelangelo Buonarroti (Born Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, 1475-1564) -- Midwives -- Milan -- Military -- Armies: Recruitment, Organization, and Social Composition -- Battle Tactics and Campaign Strategy -- Early Modern Military Theory -- Historiography -- Milton, John (1608-1674) -- Miracles -- Missions, Parish -- Missions and Missionaries -- Asia -- Spanish America -- Mobility, Geographic -- Mobility, Social -- Mohyla, Peter (Romanian, Petru Movilă; 1596-1646) -- Molière (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin; 1622-1673) -- Monarchy -- Money and Coinage -- Central and Eastern Europe -- Western Europe -- Monopoly -- Montaigne, Michel De (1533-1592) -- Montesquieu, Charles-Louis De Secondat De (1689-1755) -- Monteverdi, Claudio (1567-1642) -- Moral Philosophy and Ethics -- Moravian Brethren -- More, Henry (1614-1687) -- More, Thomas (1478-1535) -- Moriscos -- Moriscos, Expulsion of (Spain) -- Morozova, Boiarynia (1632-1675) -- Moscow -- Motherhood and Childbearing -- Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791) -- Munich -- Münster -- Muratori, Ludovicoantonio (1672-1750) -- Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban (1617-1682) -- Museums -- Music -- Music Criticism -- Nantes, Edict of -- Naples, Art in -- Naples, Kingdom of -- Naples, Revolt of (1647) -- Nasi Family -- National Identity -- Natural History -- Natural Law -- Nature -- Navigation Acts -- Navy -- Neoclassicism -- Neoplatonism -- Nepotism -- Netherlands, Art in the -- Art in the Netherlands, 1500-1585 -- Art in Flanders, 1585-1700 -- Art in the Northern Netherlands, 1585-1700 -- Netherlands, Southern -- Neumann, Balthasar (1687-1753) -- New York -- Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) -- Nikon, Patriarch (Nikita Minin, 1605-1681) -- Noble Savage -- Northern Wars -- Novalis (Friedrich Leopold von Hardenberg; 1772-1802) -- Novikov, Nikolai Ivanovich (1744-1818) -- Nuremberg -- Obstetrics and Gynecology -- Occult Philosophy -- Odalisque -- Officeholding -- Old Age -- Old Believers -- Oldenbarneveldt, Johan Van (1547-1619) -- Oldenburg, Henry (c. 1618-1677) -- Olivares, Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, count of (1587-1645) -- Opera -- Oprichnina -- Optics -- Orphans and Foundlings -- Orthodoxy, Greek -- Orthodoxy, Russian -- Ottoman Dynasty -- Ottoman Empire -- Oxenstierna, Axel (1583-1654) -- Pacific Ocean -- Pacifism -- Painting -- Palatinate -- Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da (1526-1594) -- Palladio, Andrea, and Palladianism -- Papacy and Papal States -- Paracelsus (1493/94-1541) -- Paris -- Parlements -- Parliament -- Parma -- Parma, Alexander Farnese, duke of (1545-1592) -- Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662) -- Passarowitz, Peace of (1718) -- Passions -- Pastel -- Patiño y Morales, José (1666-1736) -- Patriarchy and Paternalism -- Patriot Revolution -- Patronage -- Paul I (Russia) (1754-1801; Ruled 1796-1801) -- Paul III (Pope) (Alessandro Farnese; 1468-1549; Reigned 1534-1549) -- Paul V (Pope) (Camillo Borghese; 1552-1621; Reigned 1605-1621) -- Pawning -- Peasantry -- Peasants' War, German -- Peiresc, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de (1580-1635) -- Pepys, Samuel (1633-1703) -- Perrault, Charles (1628-1703) -- Persecution -- Peter I (Russia) (1672-1725; Ruled 1682-1725) -- Petty, William (1623-1687) -- Philadelphia -- Philip II (Spain) (1527-1598; Ruled 1556-1598) -- Philip III (Spain) (1578-1621; Ruled 1598-1621) -- Philip IV (Spain) (1605-1665) -- Philip V (Spain) (1683-1746; Ruled 1700-1724, 1724-1746) -- Philosophes -- Philosophy -- Physics -- Physiocrats and Physiocracy -- Picturesque -- Pietism -- Pilon, Germain (1525/1527?-1590) -- Piracy -- Piranesi, Giovanni Battista (1720-1778) -- Pitt, William the Elder and William the Younger (1708-1778; 1759-1806) -- Pius IV (Pope) (Giovanni Angelo de' Medici; 1499-1565; Reigned 1559-1565) -- Pius V (Pope) (Antonio Ghislieri; 1504-1572; Reigned 1566-1572) -- Pizarro Brothers -- Plague -- Poisons, Affair of the -- Poissy, Colloquy of -- Poland, Partitions of -- Poland to 1569 -- Poland-Lithuania, Commonwealth of, 1569-1795 -- Police -- Polish Literature and Language -- Polish Succession, War of the (1733-1738) -- Political Parties in England -- Political Philosophy -- Political Secularization -- Pompadour, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson (1721-1764) -- Pompeii and Herculaneum -- Poniatowski, Stanisław II Augustus (1732-1798; Ruled 1764-1795) -- Pope, Alexander (1688-1744)
  • v. 5. Popular Culture -- Popular Protest and Rebellions -- Pornography -- Porte -- Portrait Miniatures -- Portugal -- Portuguese Colonies -- Africa -- Brazil -- The Indian Ocean and Asia -- Madeira and the Azores -- Portuguese Literature and Language -- Postal Systems -- Potosí -- Poussin, Nicolas (1594-1665) -- Poverty -- Prague -- Prague, Defenestration of -- Preaching and Sermons -- Prévost D'exiles, Antoine-François (1697-1763) -- Priestley, Joseph (1733-1804) -- Printing and Publishing -- Prints and Popular Imagery -- Early Popular Imagery -- Later Prints and Printmaking -- Progress -- Prokopovich, Feofan (1681-1736) -- Property -- Prophecy -- Prostitution -- Proto-Industry -- Providence -- Provincial Government -- Prussia -- Psychology -- Public Health -- Public Opinion -- Pugachev Revolt (1773-1775) -- Purcell, Henry (1659-1695) -- Puritanism -- Pyrenees, Peace of the (1659) -- Quakers -- Queens and Empresses -- Quietism -- Rabelais, François (c. 1483-1553) -- Race, Theories of -- Racine-Rome -- Racine, Jean (1639-1699) -- Rákóczi Revolt -- Rameau, Jean-Philippe (1683-1764) -- Ramus, Petrus (1515-1572) -- Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio; 1483-1520) -- Ray, John (or Wray, 1627-1705) -- Razin, Stepan (known as Stenka; 1630?-1671) -- Reason -- Reformation, Catholic -- Reformation, Protestant -- Reformations in Eastern Europe: Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox -- Refugees, Exiles, and Émigrés -- Regency -- Religious Orders -- Religious Piety -- Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) -- Renaissance -- Rentiers -- Representative Institutions -- Republic of Letters -- Republicanism -- Resistance, Theory of -- Restoration, Portuguese War of (1640-1668) -- Revolutions, Age of -- Reynolds, Joshua (1723-1792) -- Rhetoric -- Richardson, Samuel (1689-1761) -- Richelieu, Armand-Jean Du Plessis, Cardinal (1585-1642) -- Rights, Natural -- Ritual, Civic and Royal -- Ritual, Religious -- Robertson, William (1721-1793) -- Rococo -- Roma (Gypsies) -- Romania -- Romanov Dynasty (Russia) -- Romanticism -- Rome -- Rome, Architecture in -- Rome, Art in -- Rome-Seminary -- Rome, Sack of -- Rosicrucianism -- Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778) -- Rubens, Peter Paul (1577-1640) -- Rudolf II (Holy Roman Empire) (1552-1612; Ruled 1576-1612) -- Russia -- Russia, Architecture in -- Russia, Art in -- Russian Literature and Language -- Russo-Ottoman Wars (1710-1711; 1736-1739; 1768-1774; 1787-1792) -- Russo-Polish Wars -- Ruysch, Rachel (1664-1750) -- Sade, Donatien-Alphonse-François de (1740-1814) -- St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre -- St. Petersburg -- Saint-Simon, Louis De Rouvroy (1675-1755) -- Salamanca, School of -- Salons -- Salzburg Expulsion -- Sanitation -- Santa Cruz, Álvaro De Bazán, First Marquis of (1526-1588) -- Sarmatism -- Sarpi, Paolo (Pietro) (1552-1623) -- Savoy, Duchy of -- Saxony -- Scarlatti, Domenico and Alessandro (Pietro) Alessandro (1660-1725) and (Giuseppe) Domenico (1685-1757) -- Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich Von (1759-1805) -- Schmalkaldic War (1546-1547) -- Scholasticism -- Schütz, Heinrich (1585-1672) -- Scientific Illustration -- Scientific Instruments -- Scientific Method -- Scientific Revolution -- Scotland -- Scudéry, Madeleine De (1607-1701) -- Sculpture -- Sea Beggars -- Secrets, Books of -- Seminary -- Sensibility-Spenser -- Sensibility -- Sepúlveda, Juan Ginés De (1490?-1574) -- Serbia -- Serfdom -- Serfdom in East Central Europe -- Serfdom in Russia -- Servants -- Seven Years' War (1756-1763) -- Sévigné, Marie de -- Seville -- Sexual Difference, Theories of -- Sexuality and Sexual Behavior -- Shabbetai Tzevi (also Sabbatai Sevi, Zevi, or Zebi, 1626-1676) -- Shakespeare, William (1564-1616) -- Sheridan, Richard Brinsley (1751-1816) -- Shipbuilding and Navigation -- Shipping -- Shops and Shopkeeping -- Sidney, Philip (1554-1586) -- Sigismund II Augustus (Poland, Lithuania) (1520-1572; ruled 1530-1572) -- Silesia -- Sinan (Sinan bin Abdulmennan, c. 1489-1588) -- Sixtus V (Pope) (b. 1520, reigned 1585-1590) -- Skepticism: Academic and Pyrrhonian -- Slavery and the Slave Trade -- Sleidanus, Johannes (Johannes Philippi; 1506-1556) -- Smith, Adam (1723-1790) -- Smollett, Tobias (1721-1771) -- Smotrytskyi, Meletii (c. 1577-1633) -- Smyrna (İzmir) -- Sofiia Alekseevna (1657-1704; Ruled 1682-1689) -- Songs, Popular -- Sovereignty, Theory of -- Spain -- Spain, Art in -- Spanish Colonies -- Africa and the Canary Islands -- The Caribbean -- Mexico -- Other American Colonies -- Peru -- The Philippines -- Spanish Literature and Language -- Spanish Succession, War of the (1701-1714) -- Spas and Resorts -- Spenser, Edmund (1552 or 1553-1599) -- Spinoza-Color -- Spinoza, Baruch (Benedictus de Spinoza; 1632-1677) -- Sports -- Sprat, Thomas (1635-1713) -- Star Chamber -- State and Bureaucracy -- Statistics -- Steele, Richard (1672-1729) -- Steno, Nicolaus (Niels Stensen; 1638-1686) -- Stephen Báthory (1533-1586; ruled 1576-1586) -- Sterne, Laurence (1713-1768) -- Stock Exchanges -- Stockholm -- Stoicism -- Strasbourg -- Strikes -- Stuart Dynasty (England and Scotland) -- Sublime, Idea of the -- Sugar -- Suicide -- Suleiman I (1494/95-1566; Ruled 1520-1566) -- Sultan -- Sumptuary Laws -- Surgeons -- Surveying -- Sweden -- Swedenborgianism -- Swedish Literature and Language -- Swift, Jonathan (1667-1745) -- Switzerland
  • v. 6. Tasso-Vagrants -- Tasso, Torquato (1544-1595) -- Taxation -- Technology -- Teresa of Ávila (1515-1582) -- Teutonic Knights -- Textile Industry -- Theology -- Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) -- Thomasius, Tserclaes of (1559-1632) -- Time, Measurement of -- Time of Troubles (Russia) -- Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti; c. 1518-1594) -- Titian (Tiziano Vecelli; 1488/1490-1576) -- Tobacco -- Toledo -- Toleration -- Topkapi Palace -- Torture -- Tournament -- Trading Companies -- Travel and Travel Literature -- Trent, Council of -- Triangular Trade Pattern -- Tudor Dynasty (England) -- Tulip Era (Ottoman Empire) -- Tulips -- Turkish Literature and Language -- Tyranny, Theory of -- Ukraine -- Ukrainian Literature and Language -- Uniates -- Union of Brest (1596) -- Universities -- Urban VIII (Pope) (Maffeo Barberini; 1568-1644; reigned 1623-1644) -- Utopia -- Utrecht, Peace of (1713) -- Vagrants and Beggars -- Valois-Weights -- Valois Dynasty (France) -- Van Dyck, Anthony (1599-1641) -- Vasa Dynasty (Sweden) -- Vasari, Giorgio (1511-1574) -- Vasilii III (Muscovy) (1479-1533; ruled 1505-1533) -- Vaughan, Thomas (Eugenius Philalethes; 1622-1666) -- Veduta (View Painting) -- Vega, Lope de (1562-1635) -- Velázquez, Diego (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez; 1599-1660) -- Venice -- Venice, Architecture in -- Venice, Art in -- Vermeer, Jan (or Johannes, 1632-1675) -- Veronese (Paolocaliari)(1528-1588) -- Versailles -- Vesalius, Andreas (1514-1564) -- Vico, Giovanni Battista (Giambattista Vico; 1668-1744) -- Victoria, Tomás Luis de (1548-1611) -- Vienna -- Vienna, Sieges of -- Viète, François (1540-1603) -- Vigée-Lebrun, Elisabeth (1755-1842) -- Villages -- Vilnius -- Vincent de Paul (1581-1660) -- Violence -- Virtue -- Vivaldi, Antonio (1678-1741) -- Vives, Juan Luis (1492-1540) -- Vizier -- Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet; 1694-1778) -- Vouet, Simon (1590-1649) -- Wages -- Wallenstein, A.W.E. von (Originally Waldstein; 1583-1634) -- Walpole, Horace (1717-1797) -- Wars of Religion, French -- Warsaw -- Watteau, Antoine (Born Jean-Antoine; 1689-1721) -- Weather and Climate -- Weights and Measures -- Wesley-Zwingli -- Wesley Family -- Westphalia, Peace of (1648) -- Widows and Widowhood -- Wieland, Christoph Martin (1733-1813) -- Wilkins, John (1614-1672) -- William and Mary (William III, 1650-1702; Ruled 1689-1702) -- William of Orange (1533-1584) -- Winckelmann, Johann Joachim (1717-1768) -- Witchcraft -- Witt, Johan and Cornelis de (Johan 1625-1672; Cornelis 1623-1672) -- Wittelsbach Dynasty (Bavaria) -- Władysław Ii Jagiełł (Poland) (Lithuanian: Jogaila; c. 1351-1434) -- Wolff, Christian (1679-1754) -- Women -- Women and Art -- Wren, Christopher (1632-1723) -- Württemberg, Duchy of -- Youth -- Zinzendorf, Nikolaus Ludwig von (1700-1760) -- Zoology -- Zurbarán, Francisco De (born Francisco de Zurbarán Márquez [or Salazar]; 1598-1664) -- Zurich -- Zwingli, Huldrych (1484-1531) -- Systematic Outline of Contents -- Directory of Contributors
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54539076
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Isbn
9780684314235
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rdamedia
Media type code
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