The Resource Metabolic and autonomic nervous system effects of bariatric surgery, Jasmine N. Nelson, (electronic resource)

Metabolic and autonomic nervous system effects of bariatric surgery, Jasmine N. Nelson, (electronic resource)

Label
Metabolic and autonomic nervous system effects of bariatric surgery
Title
Metabolic and autonomic nervous system effects of bariatric surgery
Statement of responsibility
Jasmine N. Nelson
Creator
Contributor
Thesis advisor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Despite avid attempts, non-surgical methods such as diet aids, behavioral modification and exercise are typically unsuccessful in achieving long term weight loss in the obese. However, bariatric surgery maintains a 65 percent success rate making it the most effective means of sustained weight loss. A primary metabolic impairment with obesity is insulin resistance (IR), which has been shown to be associated with impaired cardiac autonomic function. Recent studies have indicated that there are marked improvements in IR, within days of bariatric surgery even before significant weight loss occurs. On the other hand, cardiac autonomic function has not been studied immediately after bariatric surgery, although improvements in autonomic function have been demonstrated at later time points (i.e., 6 to 12 months post surgery) when significant weight loss has occurred. Moreover, the relationship between IR and cardiac autonomic function has not been explored following surgically-induced weight loss. Therefore, we hypothesized that a minimal weight reduction induced by bariatric surgery will produce restoration of cardiac autonomic control associated with improvements in IR. We tested six morbidly obese subjects (42±3 years) before and one month after Rouxen- Y Gastric Bypass surgery. Our findings suggest that despite marked reductions in body weight (158±15 pre vs. 139±12 post Kg; P=0.001) and improvements in insulin resistance (7.2±1.4 pre vs. 5.1±0.9 post; P=0.038) one month following bariatric surgery, cardiac autonomic function and baroreflex sensitivity are unaltered. Therefore, there was no significant short term effect of bariatric surgery on cardiac autonomic control
Cataloging source
MMU
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Nelson, Jasmine N
Degree
M.S.
Dissertation year
2009.
Granting institution
University of Missouri-Columbia
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • theses
NLM call number
WD 210
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Fadel, Paul J.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Obesity
  • Baroreflexes
  • Insulin resistance
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Bariatric Surgery
  • Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena.
  • Baroreflex
  • Insulin Resistance
Target audience
specialized
Label
Metabolic and autonomic nervous system effects of bariatric surgery, Jasmine N. Nelson, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • The entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file
  • Title from PDF of title page (University of Missouri--Columbia, viewed on January 5, 2010)
  • Thesis advisor: Paul J. Fadel
  • "December 2009"
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
496011971
Extent
1 online resource
Form of item
electronic
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
MU: Access is limited to the campuses of the University of Missouri.
Other physical details
illustrations
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)496011971
Label
Metabolic and autonomic nervous system effects of bariatric surgery, Jasmine N. Nelson, (electronic resource)
Publication
Note
  • The entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file
  • Title from PDF of title page (University of Missouri--Columbia, viewed on January 5, 2010)
  • Thesis advisor: Paul J. Fadel
  • "December 2009"
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
496011971
Extent
1 online resource
Form of item
electronic
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
MU: Access is limited to the campuses of the University of Missouri.
Other physical details
illustrations
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)496011971

Library Locations

    • Ellis LibraryBorrow it
      1020 Lowry Street, Columbia, MO, 65201, US
      38.944491 -92.326012
    • J. Otto Lottes Health Sciences LibraryBorrow it
      1 Hospital Dr, Columbia, MO, 65201, US
      38.939544 -92.328377
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