Coverart for item
The Resource Need for more effective regulation of direct additives to food : report to the Congress, by the Comptroller General of the United States

Need for more effective regulation of direct additives to food : report to the Congress, by the Comptroller General of the United States

Label
Need for more effective regulation of direct additives to food : report to the Congress
Title
Need for more effective regulation of direct additives to food
Title remainder
report to the Congress
Statement of responsibility
by the Comptroller General of the United States
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
The Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act requires that the safety of direct food additives be based on scientific evidence and that the evidence be reviewed and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, the act exempts from review and approval substances generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by experts or approved for use before 1958, and allows the safety determination for some of those substances to be based on experience drawn from common use in food. The safety of several of these exempted substances has been questioned. A review was undertaken to determine whether current legislative authority and FDA regulatory practices adequately protect the public against hazards from substances directly added to food. GAO examined provisions of the act which exempt about 1,450 substances from food additive regulation by FDA; reviewed several exempted substances the assumed safety of which was later questioned, and the removal from use of which has been proposed or completed; and evaluated the potential impact these exemptions could have on the level of evidence supporting the safety of the substances. The FDA administrative regulations do not clearly define the scientific evidence needed to support the safety of a food additive or explain how it conducts safety assessments. The regulations do not distinguish among the different kinds of evidence which support each substance's safety affirmation. Experience from common use in food has questionable value in assuring that an additive is safe, because individuals are exposed to numerous substances, including environmental contaminants, over a long period. Adverse effects from exposure to harmful substances may not occur for many years. Since FDA is not required to review and approve GRAS substances, there is no assurance that consistent criteria are applied in determining the safety of all such substances. Of the 39 petitions received in 1979 for GRAS designations of substances used after 1958, review of 18 has been completed. Four of the 18 contained sufficient scientific evidence to support a GRAS affirmation. During 1978, FDA received 14 petitions requesting that food additives be approved. As of October 1979, regulations had not been approved or published for any of these substances. In seven petitions reviewed, FDA had determined that the scientific evidence supporting the substance's safety was inadequate and had requested addition evidence. In five cases, data not specifically identified in the regulations were requested. Developmental efforts are currently underway to publish definitive scientific testing guidelines and review criteria for determining the safety of food additives
Cataloging source
AD#
Dewey number
353.0077/82
Government publication
federal national government publication
Index
no index present
LC call number
KF3879.P7
LC item number
A836
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/organizationName
United States
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Food additives
  • Food additives
  • United States
Label
Need for more effective regulation of direct additives to food : report to the Congress, by the Comptroller General of the United States
Instantiates
Publication
Antecedent source
file reproduced from original
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
640624245
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (vi, 42 pages)
File format
one file format
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)640624245
Label
Need for more effective regulation of direct additives to food : report to the Congress, by the Comptroller General of the United States
Publication
Antecedent source
file reproduced from original
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
640624245
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (vi, 42 pages)
File format
one file format
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)640624245

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      38.944491 -92.326012
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