The Resource Strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents, prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ; prepared by RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni Lynn McKeeman, Leyla Faw Stambaugh, Robert Bourke Christian, Bradley Neil Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C. Kahwati, Kathleen N. Lohr, Meera Viswanathan

Strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents, prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ; prepared by RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni Lynn McKeeman, Leyla Faw Stambaugh, Robert Bourke Christian, Bradley Neil Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C. Kahwati, Kathleen N. Lohr, Meera Viswanathan

Label
Strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents
Title
Strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents
Statement of responsibility
prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ; prepared by RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni Lynn McKeeman, Leyla Faw Stambaugh, Robert Bourke Christian, Bradley Neil Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C. Kahwati, Kathleen N. Lohr, Meera Viswanathan
Creator
Contributor
Author
Issuing body
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of quality improvement, implementation, and dissemination strategies that seek to improve the mental health care of children and adolescents; to examine harms associated with these strategies; and to determine whether effectiveness or harms vary in subgroups based on system, organizational, practitioner, or patient characteristics. DATA SOURCES: Searches from inception through January 14, 2016, of MEDLINE(r), Cochrane Library, PsycINFO(r), CINAHL(r) (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), and gray literature; additional studies from reference lists and study authors. REVIEW METHODS: Dual selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment of relevant trials and observational studies, followed by analysis, synthesis, and grading the strength of evidence for each outcome. We also employed qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) to examine set relationships between combinations of strategy components and improvements in outcomes. RESULTS: We found 17 studies testing overall effectiveness of 16 strategies, of which 1 reported on harms and 4 on moderators of effectiveness. The evidence base includes 13 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 2 controlled clinical trials, 1 cohort, and 1 interrupted time series. The strategies included in this review were complex and heterogeneous. We found 7 studies (6 strategies) that comprised only professional components and 10 studies (10 strategies) that consisted of one or more financial or organizational components, although many of these included professional components as well. Twelve studies included multiple active components; 5 had a single active component. We found evidence that a majority of strategies had at least some evidence of effectiveness. Twelve studies (11 strategies) had at least one outcome rated as low for benefit. We graded the strength of evidence of one outcome for one strategy as moderate: one RCT reported that provider financial incentives improve practitioner implementation competence. Our QCA revealed inconsistent evidence on strategies with educational meetings, materials, and outreach: these strategies appeared to be successful in combination with reminders or providing practitioners with newly collected clinical information. We also found low strength of evidence of no benefit for strategies that included educational materials only, educational meetings only, educational materials and meetings only, and educational materials and outreach components only. We were unable to judge the overall potential for harms associated with these strategies that may mitigate benefits based on the single included study with information on harms. The available evidence from four studies on two moderators does not permit us to make general conclusions about the conditions under which these strategies might work optimally. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that several approaches can improve both intermediate and final health outcomes and resource use. Twelve of the 17 included studies (11 of the 16 strategies) significantly improved at least one such outcome or measure. The evidence does not permit us to have a high degree of confidence about the efficacy of any one strategy because we generally found a single study testing each strategy. We found inconsistent evidence involving strategies with educational meetings, materials, and outreach; programs appeared to be successful in combination with reminders or providing practitioners with newly collected clinical information. We also found low strength of evidence for no benefit for initiatives that included only educational materials or meetings (or both) or only educational materials and outreach components
Member of
Cataloging source
NLM
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Forman-Hoffman, Valerie
Funding information
Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857; www.ahrq.gov Contract No. 290-2012-00008-I. Prepared by: RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center, Research Triangle Park, NC
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • surveys of literature
NLM call number
WM 30.1
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • United States
  • RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center
  • Effective Health Care Program (U.S.)
Series statement
  • Comparative effectiveness review
  • AHRQ publication
Series volume
  • number 181
  • no. 16(17)-EHC035-EF
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Mental Health Services
  • Child
  • Adolescent
  • Mental Disorders
  • Health Personnel
  • Quality Improvement
  • Treatment Outcome
Label
Strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents, prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ; prepared by RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni Lynn McKeeman, Leyla Faw Stambaugh, Robert Bourke Christian, Bradley Neil Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C. Kahwati, Kathleen N. Lohr, Meera Viswanathan
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
986939340
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (various pagings))
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)986939340
Label
Strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents, prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ; prepared by RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni Lynn McKeeman, Leyla Faw Stambaugh, Robert Bourke Christian, Bradley Neil Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C. Kahwati, Kathleen N. Lohr, Meera Viswanathan
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
986939340
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (various pagings))
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)986939340

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