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The Resource Terrorists and suicide attacks, Audrey Kurth Cronin

Terrorists and suicide attacks, Audrey Kurth Cronin

Label
Terrorists and suicide attacks
Title
Terrorists and suicide attacks
Statement of responsibility
Audrey Kurth Cronin
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Suicide attacks by terrorist organizations have become more prevalent globally, and assessing the threat of suicide attacks against the United States and its interests at home and abroad has therefore gained in strategic importance. This report focuses on the following questions: What are suicide attacks? What have been the patterns and motivations for terrorist organizations using suicide attacks in the past? What terrorist groups and other organizations are most likely to launch such attacks? How great a threat are terrorist suicide attacks to the United States, at home and abroad? How can the United States counter such a threat? It analyzes the key lessons of the international experience with suicide attacks and examines their relevance to the United States. Important conclusions include evidence that suicide attackers generally make choices and are not impulsive or "crazy." They are usually carefully recruited, indoctrinated and then targeted by organizations. It is important, therefore, to concentrate on analyzing the culture and structure of the organization when fashioning a response. Historically, suicide attackers have been used by both secular and religious groups. The Tamil Tigers, a secular group, carried out the most ruthless campaign of suicide attacks in the 20th century; but there has been an increasing number of casualties internationally, notably as a result of attacks by Palestinian groups against Israelis and by organizations in various countries believed associated with or incited by Al Qaeda. The use of women as suicide attackers is not historically unprecedented, but its frequency among groups such as the Sri Lankan Tamil Tigers (or LTTE), the Turkish KurdistanWorkers' Party (PKK), and now the Palestinian Fatah-affiliated al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and the Chechens, may indicate a social broadening of the phenomenon. While the organization is predominant in the execution of the attack, over time it cannot recruit and sustain itself without the acquiescence of the larger society. The greatest threat to U.S. citizens comes from the possibility of further attacks orchestrated or inspired by Al Qaeda, either in the U.S. or abroad. Furthermore, suicide attacks on U.S. citizens and civilians in Iraq are a mounting concern. To counter the threat, the United Statesmay use both offensive and defensivemeasures. Offensive measures include counterterrorism efforts such as preemptive strikes against terrorist organizations, vigorous intelligence collection, and longer term efforts to reduce the ability of terrorist organizations to recruit suicide candidates. Defensive measures include physical protection of U.S. assets, psychological preparation of the population, and the full range of anti-terrorism efforts required for a robust homeland defense. The report concludes with a discussion of the implications for Congress of the increase in suicide attacks, and a range of options for meeting the threat. It will not be updated
Member of
Cataloging source
NDU
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1958-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Cronin, Audrey Kurth
Government publication
federal national government publication
Index
no index present
LC call number
HV6431
LC item number
.C78 2003
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Library of Congress
Series statement
CRS report for Congress
Series volume
RL32058
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Suicide bombings
  • Terrorism
  • Suicide bombings
  • Terrorism
Label
Terrorists and suicide attacks, Audrey Kurth Cronin
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Title from the title page of PDF document (viewed on 13 February 2004)
  • "August 28, 2003."
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
54438928
Dimensions
unknown
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
http://library.link/vocab/ext/overdrive/overdriveId
rl32058
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)54438928
System details
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • System requirements: Internet access, web browser and Adobe Acrobat Reader
Type of computer file
PDF.
Label
Terrorists and suicide attacks, Audrey Kurth Cronin
Publication
Note
  • Title from the title page of PDF document (viewed on 13 February 2004)
  • "August 28, 2003."
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
54438928
Dimensions
unknown
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
http://library.link/vocab/ext/overdrive/overdriveId
rl32058
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)54438928
System details
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • System requirements: Internet access, web browser and Adobe Acrobat Reader
Type of computer file
PDF.

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