The Resource The United States of embarrassment : how concerns about the world's view of America propelled Justice Department action in Civil Rights, by Sarah Rucker

The United States of embarrassment : how concerns about the world's view of America propelled Justice Department action in Civil Rights, by Sarah Rucker

Label
The United States of embarrassment : how concerns about the world's view of America propelled Justice Department action in Civil Rights
Title
The United States of embarrassment
Title remainder
how concerns about the world's view of America propelled Justice Department action in Civil Rights
Statement of responsibility
by Sarah Rucker
Title variation
How concerns about the world's view of America propelled Justice Department action in Civil Rights
Creator
Contributor
Author
Degree supervisor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
In the infancy of the Cold War, the Department of Justice submitted a series of amicus curiae briefs to the Supreme Court in support of civil rights for the first time in history. Curiously, these amicus briefs were laden with rhetoric about the hindrance the international spotlight on American racial discrimination had on foreign relations, national security, and America's good image as a beacon of freedom and democracy. Why did the Department of Justice submit amicus briefs in Supreme Court cases concerning civil rights? Did the Department's amicus briefs sway the Court in favor of racial equality? Did Truman encourage the Department's involvement? Following World War II, the United States was in direct competition with the Soviet Union for international ideological, military, geopolitical, and monetary influence, especially regarding Third World nations emerging from decolonization in Africa and Southeast Asia. Armed with reports of mistreatment of African Americans in the U.S., the Soviet Union, allies, and Communist-associated countries were able to effectively demonstrate to those newly-emerging nations and the rest of the world that capitalism was innately flawed and denied minorities economic, legal, and social equality. That international pressure led directly to Truman's Department of Justice intervening in landmark Supreme Court cases concerning civil rights through amicus curiae briefs, marking the first time in history that the U.S. government took an official, documented stand against segregation. The decision to initially intervene set a precedent for future judicial involvement by the Department of Justice, and led to the dismantling of the 'separate but equal' doctrine established by Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896. Figures within Truman's Department of Justice, more so than Truman himself, were key in the writing and submission of amicus briefs in support of civil rights to the Supreme Court. Examining amicus curiae briefs, Supreme Court rulings, memos, press releases, and speeches revolving around Shelley v. Kraemer (1948), Henderson v. United States (1950), and Brown v. Board of Education (1954), it is clear that President Truman's Department of Justice, carried on into Eisenhower's presidency, had a significant hand in building the legal momentum of the civil rights movement
Cataloging source
UMK
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1988-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Rucker, Sarah
Degree
M.A.
Dissertation note
(Department of History).
Dissertation year
2019.
Granting institution
University of Missouri-Kansas City,
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Merrill, Dennis
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • United States
  • Civil rights
  • International relations
  • International relations
Label
The United States of embarrassment : how concerns about the world's view of America propelled Justice Department action in Civil Rights, by Sarah Rucker
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Note
  • "A thesis in History."
  • Advisor: Dennis Merrill
  • Vita
Antecedent source
not applicable
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 42-46)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction -- Land of the free -- Truman's balancing act -- "Limited scope and jurisdiction" -- Shelly v.Kraemer -- Miles to go -- Henderson v. United States -- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) -- The Supreme Court's decision in historical context -- Conclusion
Control code
1104850482
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (48 pages)
File format
one file format
Form of item
online
Level of compression
mixed
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)1104850482
System details
  • The full text of the thesis is available as an Adobe Acrobat .pdf file; Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view the file
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
Label
The United States of embarrassment : how concerns about the world's view of America propelled Justice Department action in Civil Rights, by Sarah Rucker
Publication
Copyright
Note
  • "A thesis in History."
  • Advisor: Dennis Merrill
  • Vita
Antecedent source
not applicable
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 42-46)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction -- Land of the free -- Truman's balancing act -- "Limited scope and jurisdiction" -- Shelly v.Kraemer -- Miles to go -- Henderson v. United States -- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) -- The Supreme Court's decision in historical context -- Conclusion
Control code
1104850482
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (48 pages)
File format
one file format
Form of item
online
Level of compression
mixed
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)1104850482
System details
  • The full text of the thesis is available as an Adobe Acrobat .pdf file; Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view the file
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web

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