Coverart for item
The Resource The hologenome concept : human, animal and plant microbiota, Eugene Rosenberg, Ilana Zilber-Rosenberg

The hologenome concept : human, animal and plant microbiota, Eugene Rosenberg, Ilana Zilber-Rosenberg

Label
The hologenome concept : human, animal and plant microbiota
Title
The hologenome concept
Title remainder
human, animal and plant microbiota
Statement of responsibility
Eugene Rosenberg, Ilana Zilber-Rosenberg
Creator
Contributor
Author
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Groundbreaking research over the last 10 years has given rise to the hologenome concept of evolution. This concept posits that the holobiont (host plus all of its associated microorganisms) and its hologenome (sum of the genetic information of the host and its symbiotic microorganisms), acting in concert, function as a unique biological entity and therefore as a level of selection in evolution. All animals and plants harbor abundant and diverse microbiota, including viruses. Often the amount of symbiotic microorganisms and their combined genetic information far exceed that of their host. The microbiota with its microbiome, together with the host genome, can be transmitted from one generation to the next and thus propagate the unique properties of the holobiont. The microbial symbionts and the host interact in a cooperative way that affects the health of the holobiont within its environment. Beneficial microbiota protects against pathogens, provides essential nutrients, catabolizes complex polysaccharides, renders harmful chemicals inert, and contributes to the performance of the immune system. In humans and animals, the microbiota also plays a role in behavior. The sum of these cooperative interactions characterizes the holobiont as a unique biological entity. Genetic variation in the hologenome can be brought about by changes in either the host genome or the microbial population genomes (microbiome). Evolution by cooperation can occur by amplifying existing microbes, gaining novel microbiota and by acquiring microbial and viral genes. Under environmental stress, the microbiome can change more rapidly and in response to more processes than the host organism alone and thus influences the evolution of the holobiont. Prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics and phage therapy are discussed as applied aspects of the hologenome concept
Cataloging source
GW5XE
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Rosenberg, Eugene
Dewey number
579/.13
Index
no index present
LC call number
QH434
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Zilber-Rosenberg, Ilana
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Microbial genomics
  • Evolution (Biology)
  • Life Sciences
  • Microbiology
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Zoology
  • SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology
  • SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Microbiology
Label
The hologenome concept : human, animal and plant microbiota, Eugene Rosenberg, Ilana Zilber-Rosenberg
Instantiates
Publication
Antecedent source
unknown
Bibliography note
Incldues bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Contents
Introduction: Symbioses and the Hologenome Concept -- Origin of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes -- Abundance and Diversity of Microbiota -- Microbiotas are Transmitted between Holobiont Generations -- Microbiotas are Part of Holobiont Fitness -- Variation in Holobionts -- Viruses are part of the Holobiont's Fitness and Evolution -- Evolution of Holobionts -- Pathogens as Symbionts -- Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics and Phage Therapy
Control code
870339621
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (xiii, 178 pages)
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Isbn
9783319042411
Isbn Type
(electronic bk.)
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
  • c
Other control number
10.1007/978-3-319-04241-1
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)870339621
Label
The hologenome concept : human, animal and plant microbiota, Eugene Rosenberg, Ilana Zilber-Rosenberg
Publication
Antecedent source
unknown
Bibliography note
Incldues bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Contents
Introduction: Symbioses and the Hologenome Concept -- Origin of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes -- Abundance and Diversity of Microbiota -- Microbiotas are Transmitted between Holobiont Generations -- Microbiotas are Part of Holobiont Fitness -- Variation in Holobionts -- Viruses are part of the Holobiont's Fitness and Evolution -- Evolution of Holobionts -- Pathogens as Symbionts -- Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics and Phage Therapy
Control code
870339621
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (xiii, 178 pages)
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Isbn
9783319042411
Isbn Type
(electronic bk.)
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
  • c
Other control number
10.1007/978-3-319-04241-1
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)870339621

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