The Resource The nature of parent language prompts in early language development, by Dana Rissler Fritz

The nature of parent language prompts in early language development, by Dana Rissler Fritz

Label
The nature of parent language prompts in early language development
Title
The nature of parent language prompts in early language development
Statement of responsibility
by Dana Rissler Fritz
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
The purpose of this study was to examine the types of parental prompts presented to children aged 20 and 30 months. Other researchers have shown that parents ask questions of their children in conversation (Goldfield, 1993; Hoff-Ginsberg, 1991), but the specific types of questions asked, or prompts, have not been extensively evaluated in the literature. This study found a high proportion of prompts in parental speech to children. Nearly half of all parent utterances to their 20- and 30-month old children were some type of prompt, and this was true whether the parents spoke a lot to their children or very little. These prompts could be categorized by style of request, specifically whether the parent asked an open-ended question (i.e. "What's going on?"), yes/no question (i.e. "Is the barn big?") or requested the child to perform an action ("Give me the baby."). Open-ended and yes/no prompts were further categorized by their vocabulary focus: noun (i.e. "What is it?" or "Is it a donkey?"), verb (i.e. "What are you doing?" or "Is she running?"), adjective (i.e. "What color is the fence?" or "Is it white?"), location ("Where is the dog?" or "Is the dog in his house?") or internal state (i.e. "How are you?" or "Are you sleepy?"). The types of prompts used by parents varied significantly by age of the child. When prompts were compared to language measures, a few significant correlations were noted. Open-ended prompts at 20 months and yes/no prompts at 30 months were positively correlated with language measures at 20 months. Action prompts at 20 months were negatively correlated with language measures at 30 months. When prompts were compared to CDI data, it was revealed that parents prompted for words their children already knew, whether the words they prompted for were nouns, verbs or adjectives. In regression analysis, prompts at 20 months were not found to predict language abilities at 30 months. In sum, parents changed the number and type of prompt they use by the age of their children. As children grew in language ability, parents alter their prompts perhaps to better meet the linguistic needs of their children. However, the impact of prompts on child language abilities needs further evaluation
Additional physical form
Also available on the Internet.
Cataloging source
MUU
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1965-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Fritz, Dana R.
Degree
Ph. D.
Dissertation year
2000.
Government publication
government publication of a state province territory dependency etc
Granting institution
University of Missouri-Columbia
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • bibliography
  • theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Children
  • Language acquisition
  • Early childhood education
Target audience
specialized
Label
The nature of parent language prompts in early language development, by Dana Rissler Fritz
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Typescript
  • Vita
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 98-107)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
not applicable
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
46812907
Dimensions
29 cm
Extent
x, 121 leaves
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations
Specific material designation
remote
Label
The nature of parent language prompts in early language development, by Dana Rissler Fritz
Publication
Note
  • Typescript
  • Vita
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 98-107)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
not applicable
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
46812907
Dimensions
29 cm
Extent
x, 121 leaves
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations
Specific material designation
remote

Library Locations

    • University of Missouri Libraries DepositoryBorrow it
      2908 Lemone Blvd, Columbia, MO, 65211, US
      38.919360 -92.291620
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